• Effects of Housing Transfer Taxes on Household Mobility 

      Eerola, Essi; Harjunen, Oskari; Lyytikäinen, Teemu; Saarimaa, Tuukka
      CESifo Working Papers : 7750/2019 (Munich Society for the Promotion of Economic Research - CESifo GmbH, 26.07.2019)
      Housing transfer taxes are fiscally important in many countries despite evidence of substantial welfare losses found in several quasi-experimental studies. Research designs used in this prior literature are prone to ...
    • Asuinalueiden segregaatio ja naapurustovaikutukset 

      Eerola, Essi; Saarimaa, Tuukka
      Kansantaloudellinen aikakauskirja : 2/2019 (Taloustieteellinen yhdistys, 17.06.2019)
      Kirjoituksessa esitellään segregaation syntymekanismeja. Jos asuinalueet ovat laadultaan ja saavutettavuudeltaan erilaisia, ne eriytyvät asukkaiden tulotason mukaan. Tämä tarkoittaa, että satunnaisesti poimitun kotitalouden ...
    • Asumisen tukeminen ja kaupungistuminen 

      Eerola, Essi
      Kansantaloudellinen aikakauskirja : 2/2019 (Taloustieteellinen yhdistys, 17.06.2019)
      Asumisen tukiin on tehty viime vuosina paljon muutoksia. Yleistä asumistukea uudistettiin merkittävästi vuoden 2015 alussa, kun pinta-alanormeihin ja neliövuokranormeihin perustuvasta monimutkaisesta järjestelmästä siirryttiin ...
    • Job Tasks and Gender Wage Gaps within Occupations 

      Bizopoulou, Aspasia
      VATT Working Papers : 124 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 09.10.2019)
      I provide evidence that task use at work by men and women in the same occupations is significantly different. The observed difference can account for the within-occupational gender-wage gap that is prevalent in many developed ...
    • Missing Miles: Evasion Responses to Car Taxes 

      Harju, Jarkko; Kosonen, Tuomas; Slemrod, Joel
      VATT Working Papers : 123 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
      We study a tax evasion response to car taxes in Finland, where used car importers overstate the mileage to reduce tax liability. First, we develop a tax evasion measure by comparing reported mileage upon import with ...
    • Tax Compliance in the Rental Housing Market: Evidence from a Field Experiment 

      Eerola, Essi; Kosonen, Tuomas; Kotakorpi, Kaisa; Lyytikäinen, Teemu; Tuimala, Jarno
      VATT Working Papers : 122 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
      We study rental income tax compliance using a large-scale randomized fild experiment and register data with third-party information on the ownership of apartments. We analyze the responses of potential landlords to treatment ...
    • Victorian Voting: The Origins of Party Orientation and Class Alignment 

      Dewan, Torun; Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 121 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 08 / 2019)
      Much of what we know about the alignment of voters with parties comes from mass surveys of the electorate in the postwar period or from aggregate electoral data. Using individual elector level panel data from 19th-century ...
    • Causality in quantiles and dynamic relations in energy markets: (De)tails matter 

      Kyritsis, Evangelos; Andersson, Jonas
      Energy Policy (Elsevier, 2019)
      In this article we investigate the dynamic relations between crude oil price returns and a set of energy price returns, namely diesel, gasoline, heating, and the natural gas. This is performed by means of Granger non-causality ...
    • The intergenerational effects of parental higher education: Evidence from changes in university accessibility 

      Suhonen, Tuomo; Karhunen, Hannu
      Journal of Public Economics (Elsevier, 2019)
      We examine the causal relationship between the educational attainment of parents and that of their children using quasi-experimental variation from changes in parents' access to university generated by the geographical ...
    • Yrittäjien sosiaaliturva ja yritystoiminnan aktiivisuus 

      Matikka, Tuomas; Harju, Jarkko
      VATT Policy Brief : 2-2019 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 29.07.2019)
      Yrittäjien eläkevakuutus (YEL) on erillinen osa julkista sosiaaliturvajärjestelmää Suomessa. YEL-järjestelmässä pakolliset eläkevakuutusmaksut riippuvat YEL-työtulosta, jonka tason yrittäjät voivat hyvin vapaasti itse ...
    • Joustavan hoitorahan työllisyysvaikutusten arviointi 

      Pekkarinen, Tuomas; Tuomala, Juha
      Valtioneuvoston selvitys- ja tutkimustoiminnan julkaisusarja : 2019:46 (Valtioneuvoston kanslia, 28.06.2019)
      Tässä tutkimuksessa arvioidaan alle 3-vuotiaiden lasten vanhemmat suunnatun joustavan hoitorahan käyttöä ja työllisyysvaikutuksia. Osa-aikaisesti työskentelevien pienten lasten vanhemmille tarjolla oleva joustava hoitoraha ...
    • Yritystukien vaikuttavuuden arviointi satunnaistettujen vertailukokeiden avulla 

      Einiö, Elias; Hyytinen, Ari
      Valtioneuvoston selvitys- ja tutkimustoiminnan julkaisusarja : 2019:45 (Valtioneuvoston kanslia, 27.06.2019)
      Toisin kuin monilla muilla yhteiskunnan alueilla (mm. lääketiede ja sosiaaliturva) yritystukien vaikutuksia ei ole Suomessa tutkittu kontrolloiduilla ja etukäteen suunnitelluilla tieteellisillä kokeilla. Tämä siitäkin ...
    • Open or Closed? How List Type Affects Electoral Performance, Candidate Selection, and Campaign Effort 

      Hangartner, Dominik; Ruiz, Nelson A.; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 120 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 12.07.2019)
      What effect does using open (as opposed to closed) lists in proportional representation elections have on party performance and the quality of candidate selection? We provide novel evidence by studying local elections in ...
    • Does Mandating Social Insurance Affect Entrepreneurial Activity? 

      Benzarti, Youssef; Harju, Jarkko; Matikka, Tuomas
      VATT Working Papers : 119 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.06.2019)
      This paper estimates the effect of relaxing the social insurance mandate on entrepreneurial activity using rich administrative data from Finland. We find that relaxing the social insurance mandate leads entrepreneurs to ...
    • Regulation of short-term consumer credits 

      Takalo, Tuomas
      Journal of Banking Regulation : Available online (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019)
      The regulation of short-term consumer credit markets is heatedly debated around the world. This article uses economic research as a basis for a qualitative assessment of the regulation of the short-term consumer credit ...
    • Switching costs and financial stability 

      Stenbacka, Rune; Takalo, Tuomas
      Journal of Financial Stability (Elsevier, 2019)
      We establish that the effect of intensified deposit market competition, measured by reduced switching costs, on the probability of bank failures depends critically on whether we focus on competition with established customer ...
    • Are voters rational? 

      Lyytikäinen, Teemu; Tukiainen, Janne
      European Journal of Political Economy : Available online (Elsevier, 2019)
      We test whether a voter's decision to cast a vote depends on its probability of affecting the election outcome. Using exogenous variation arising at population cutoffs determining council sizes in Finnish municipal elections, ...
    • Political representation and effects of municipal mergers 

      Harjunen, Oskari; Saarimaa, Tuukka; Tukiainen, Janne
      Political Science Research and Methods : Available online (Cambridge University Press, 2019)
      We study the effects of municipal mergers using novel geocoded data on local public sector jobs and local politicians' place of residence. We find that the mergers had no effects on municipal expenditures overall after ...
    • How do small firms respond to tax schedule discontinuities? Evidence from South African tax registers 

      Boonzaaier, Wian; Harju, Jarkko; Matikka, Tuomas; Pirttimäki, Jukka
      International Tax and Public Finance : Open access (Springer US, 2019)
      We study the responsiveness of small- and medium-sized firms to a small-business corporate income tax schedule using population-wide administrative data from South Africa. We find sizeable bunching of firms at the corporate ...
    • The spike at benefit exhaustion: The role of measurement error in benefit eligibility 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Pesola, Hanna; Verho, Jouko
      Labour Economics (Elsevier, 2019)
      Many studies have found that the exit rate from unemployment insurance benefits to employment increases at the end of the entitlement period. The magnitude of this “spike” in the job finding rate at benefit exhaustion is ...