The Integrin Tail: A Tale of Cell Motility and Division

Doria

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dc.contributor Institute of Biomedicine; Department of Medical Biochemistry
dc.contributor Doctoral thesis (article-based) en
dc.contributor.author Tuomi, Saara
dc.date.accessioned 2010-10-28T07:19:29Z
dc.date.available 2010-10-28T07:19:29Z
dc.date.issued 2010-11-12
dc.identifier ISBN 978-951-29-4438-5
dc.identifier.uri http://www.doria.fi/handle/10024/64140
dc.description.abstract Integrin transmembrane receptor functions are regulated by adaptor molecules binding to their alpha and beta subunit intracellular domains, or tails, thus affecting integrin traffic and adhesion during e.g. cell motility. Interestingly, many cellular proteins function in both cell motility and cell division, thus raising the possibility that integrins might be involved in regulating the cell cycle. A thorough understanding of cell division is essential in cell biology and in human malignancies. It is well established that failures to complete cell cycle can give rise to genetically unstable cells with tumorigenic properties. Transformed cells promote the disruption of intercellular adhesions such as tight junctions, and this correlates with the onset of cell motility, invasion and unfavorable prognosis in cancer. In this study, we analyzed integrin regulation, mediated by adaptor binding to the  subunit tail, during cell motility and cell division. We revealed a novel molecular mechanism by which Rab21, through association with the integrin alpha subunits, drives integrin endosomal traffic during mitotic phases. In addition, we found indications for this finding in vivo, as <i>RAB21</i> gene deletions were mapped in ovarian and prostate cancer samples. Importantly, the multinucleated phenotype of cultured ovarian cancer cells could be reverted by Rab21 overexpression. In this thesis work, we also show how the tight junction protein ZO-1 unexpectedly interacts with the 5 integrin cytoplasmic domain in the lamellipodia to promote cell motility and at the cleavage furrow to support separation of the daughter cells. The alpha5-ZO-1 complex formation was dependent on PKC which regulates ZO-1 phosphorylation and its subcellular localization. In addition, by an <i>in situ</i> detection method, we showed that a subset of metastatic human lung cancers expressed the alpha5beta-ZO-1 complex. Taken together, we were able to identify new molecular pathways that regulate integrin functions in an alpha tail-mediated fashion. These findings firmly suggest that genetic alterations in integrin traffic may lead to progression of tumorigenesis as a result of failed cell division. Also, the interplay of integrins and ZO-1 in forming spatially regulated adhesive structures broadens our view of crosstalk between pathways and distinct adhesive structures that can be involved in cancer cell biology.
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Annales Universitatis Turkuensis D 928
dc.title The Integrin Tail: A Tale of Cell Motility and Division en
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-951-29-4438-5

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