Selaus nimekkeen mukaan kokoelmassa VATT Discussion Papers (1990-2008)

    • Testing Nonlinear Dynamics, Long Memory and Chaotic Behaviour with Financial and Nonfinancial Data 

      Takala, Kari; Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 147 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1997)
      This paper contains a set of tests for nonlinearities in economic time series. The tests comprise both standard diagnostic tests for revealing nonlinearities and some new developments in modelling nonlinearities. The latter ...
    • Testing the "Natural Rate of Suicide" Hypothesis 

      Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 185 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      This paper analyses the economic determinants of suicide. More specifically, we test the hypothesis that suicide is related to shocks or news concerning income growth. Testing is based on an error correction model of suicide ...
    • Trade Preferences in the EU Sugar Sector: Winners and Losers 

      Kerkelä, Leena; Huan-Niemi, Ellen
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 358 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 25.01.2005)
      The ongoing trade negotiations, unilateral trade concessions and obligations under the WTO are pushing the EU sugar regime to undertake reforms. These reforms will alter the positions of developing countries in the global ...
    • Turkish EU Membership: A Simulation Study on Economic Effects 

      Sulamaa, Pekka; Widgrén, Mika
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 410 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 12.01.2007)
      This paper evaluates the economic effects of Turkish EU membership. The evaluation is based on the widely utilized computable general equilibrium called model GTAP (Global Trade Analysis Project). Imperfect competition is ...
    • Uncovering the Dimensions of the Common Good - Problems of Measurement of the Size of the Public Sector 

      Hjerppe, Reino
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 322 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 23.12.2003)
      There are problems in the measures of the size of the public sector both from the perspective of welfare state policies, monetary policy and the analysis of the economic role of public sector in general. In practice there ...
    • Understanding Efficiency Differences of Schools: Practitioners' Views on Students, Staff Relations, School Management and the Curriculum 

      Kirjavainen, Tanja
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 450 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.09.2008)
      This study analyses the views of the staff members of nine upper secondary schools in Finland that were in the upper or lower tails of the efficiency distribution measured with stochastic frontier analysis. Teachers and ...
    • Unemployment and Migration: Does Moving Help? 

      Pekkala, Sari
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 281 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 04.07.2002)
      This paper studies the migration behaviour of the unemployed in Finland, and analyses the causal effect of moving on individual employment status. In 1994 17 per cent of the labour force was unemployed and the unemployment ...
    • Unemployment and Subjective Well-being: Does Money Make a Difference 

      Venetoklis, Takis; Ervasti, Heikki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 391 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 04.05.2006)
      In this paper we focus on the level of subjective well-being and its determinants among the unemployed as compared with those currently in paid labour. In theoretical terms, strongly contradictory views prevail on the ...
    • Unemployment Insurance with Limited Duration and Variable Replacement Ratio - Effects on Optimal Search 

      Sinko, Pekka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 253 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 30.04.2001)
      This paper analyses the effects of an unemployment insurance with limited potential duration in a job search model with endogenous effort. Both constant and declining time sequence of benefits are considered. The model ...
    • Unions, Labour supply and Structure of Taxation: Equal Tax Bases 

      Kiander, Jaakko; Holm, Pasi; Koskela, Erkki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 110 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      This paper investigates the employment effects of changes in the structure of taxation and in the tax progression. The contribution is to add endogenous determination of working hours into a union wage setting model. Thus ...
    • Varying Biases in the Matching Estimates: Evidence from Two Randomized Job Search Training Experiments 

      Hämäläinen, Kari; Uusitalo, Roope; Vuori, Jukka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 438 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.02.2008)
      We compare various matching estimators to the results of two randomized field experiments that evaluate employment effects of job search training programs. We find that commonly used non-experimental matching estimators ...
    • Vocational Labour Market Training in Promoting Youth Employment 

      Tuomala, Juha; Hämäläinen, Kari
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 432 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 05.12.2007)
      This study evaluates the employment effects of vocational labour market training in Finnish youth labour markets. We are especially interested in whether the timing of an intervention matters. We explore this issue by ...
    • Wage and Earnings Losses of Displaced Workers in Finland 

      Appelqvist, Jukka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 422 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 25.05.2007)
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the cost of job displacement for private sector workers displaced in Finland during the years 1992 and 1997. Our main goal is to measure the ways in which involuntary ...
    • What Draws People to Urban Growth Centers: Jobs vs. Pay? 

      Pekkala, Sari
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 310 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 25.06.2003)
      The present study analyses migration patterns in Finland to test if microeconomic evidence for the Harris-Todaro model can be found. The Harris-Todaro hypothesis states that rural-urban migration stems from regional ...
    • What Kind of Job-broker is the Public Employment Service? Evidence from Finnish Job Vacancy Midrodata in 2002-2003 

      Räisänen, Heikki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 352 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.01.2005)
      This study analyses the job-broking function of the Finnish Public Employment Service (PES). The empirical analysis is based on the Finnish job vacancy microdata in 2002 and 2003 including information on over 320,000 job ...
    • What Lies Behind the Unprecedented Increase in Income Inequality in Finland During the 1990's 

      Sullström, Risto; Riihelä, Marja; Tuomala, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 247 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 27.02.2001)
      This study uses a decomposition analysis of income inequality by income groups and income sources to understand and explain the inequality increase in Finland during the 1990's. Several conclusions can be drawn from our ...
    • What Will EU Membership and the Value-Added Tax Reform Do to Finnish Food Economy? - A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis 

      Törmä, Hannu; Rutherford, Thomas; Vaittinen, Risto
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 88 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
    • Which Consumers Benefit from Congestion Tolls? 

      Glazer, Amihai; Niskanen, Esko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 216 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 17.03.2000)
      A large literature demonstrates that congestion tolls can increase aggregate welfare. Nevertheless, congestion tolls are rarely observed. And though road tolls are imposed to raise revenue (as on bridges, tunnels, and some ...
    • Who Gains from Credited Forest Carbon Sinks: Finland and other Annex I Countries in Comparison 

      Kerkelä, Leena; Pohjola, Johanna; Mäkipää, Raisa
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 291 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 15.01.2003)
      In the Kyoto Protocol carbon sinks became a tool for releasing the economic burden of achieving the emission target. For Finland, credits from carbon sinks might be important since the amount of carbon sequestered in total ...
    • Workshop on Studies for Northern Dimension Kalastajatorppa 30 - 31 May, 2002 

      Siivonen, Erkki; Huikuri, Satu
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 290 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.01.2003)
      This report describes the economical and institutional aspects and processes of the policy on Northern Dimension. By studying these issues the papers presented in workshop enlightened many problems which are faced up to ...