Selaus nimekkeen mukaan kokoelmassa VATT Discussion Papers (1990-2008)

    • OECD Forecasts for the G7 Countries in 1969 - 1997 

      Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 187 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      This paper presents a review of OECD forecasts for the G7 countries for the period 1969 - 1997. The analysis deals with the magnitude, auto-correlation and eventual bias of the errors. In addition, we scrutinize the cyclical ...
    • On Calculating Welfare Losses of Taxation and Public Provision 

      Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 74 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
    • On Calculating Welfare Losses of Taxation and Public Provision on the margin and to a degree 

      Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 108 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      In the paper an index number measuring inefficiency of taxation is introduced which is based on an economy-wide generalisation of the input distance function. Related concepts are an input based quantity index, the index ...
    • On Economic Poverty in Finland in the 1990s 

      Sullström, Risto; Riihelä, Marja; Tuomala, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 264 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.01.2002)
      We have examined recent trends in the poverty in Finland using two data sources, the Household Budget Survey (HBS) and the Income Distribution statistics (IDS). We have drawn on the recent literature on poverty analysis ...
    • On Optimal Non-Linear Taxation and Public Good Provision in Overlapping Generations Economy 

      Pirttilä, Jukka; Tuomala, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 200 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      Using the self-selection approach to tax analysis within an OLG framework, the paper examines optimal non-linear labour and capital income taxation and the provision of a durable public good. Under endogenous wages, the ...
    • On the Efficiency of Job and Income Protection in the Dynamic Labour Markets 

      Kilponen, Juha
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 219 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.05.2000)
      This paper investigates the efficiency implications of two kinds of worker protection, job security and income protection. Both of them have important aggregate efficiency effects in the dynamic labor markets, where worker ...
    • On the Importance of Finnishing School: Half a Century of Inter-generational Economic Mobility in Finland 

      Pekkala, Sari; Lucas, Robert E.B.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 359 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 10.02.2005)
      Trends in inter-generational economic mobility in Finland are analyzed using panel data from 1950 through 1999 on more than 200 thousand sons and daughters born between 1930 and 1970. A significant decline is estimated in ...
    • On the Patterns of European Production Factor Mobility 

      Fischer, Peter A.; Parviainen, Seija
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 61 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
    • Optimal Forest Taxation with Multiple-Use Characteristics of Forest Stands 

      Koskela, Erkki; Ollikainen, Markku
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 93 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
    • Optimal Public Procurement Contracts Under a Soft Budget Constraint 

      Mälkönen, Ville
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 464 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2008)
      This paper presents a model where the central government cannot ensure that regional governments manage risks prudentially, due to soft budget constraint. Competition for project funding induces the regional governments ...
    • Partial Unemployment Insurance Benefits and the Transition Rate to Regular Work 

      Kyyrä, Tomi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 440 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 19.03.2008)
      In Finland, unemployed workers who are looking for a full-time job but take up a part-time or very short full-time job may qualify for partial unemployment benefits. In exchange for partial benefits, these applicants must ...
    • Productive Efficiency and Determinants of Inefficiency at Health Centres in Finland 

      Järviö, Maija-Liisa; Luoma, Kalevi; Hjerppe, Reino; Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 94 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      Tutkimuksen tavoitteena oli selvittää terveyskeskusten välillä havaittuja eroja palvelutuotannon tehokkuudessa, jotka aiemman tutkimuksen mukaan ovat varsin huomattavat. Tobit-malliin perustuvan analyysin selitettävänä ...
    • Productivity Changes in Finnish Health Centres: A Malmquist Index Approach 

      Järviö, Maija-Liisa; Luoma, Kalevi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 218 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 19.04.2000)
      This paper studies productivity development of Finnish health centres in 1988-95 by applying different specifications of Malmquist index. As input variables we use operating costs or the number of personnel by employee ...
    • Progressive Taxation Under Centralised Wage Setting 

      Sinko, Pekka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 349 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.12.2004)
      The study reconsiders the effects of tax progression in imperfectly competitive labour markets. Allowing for the individual supply of working hours, we show that the results derived in the standard model of decentralised ...
    • Public Services 

      Järviö, Maija-Liisa; Sullström, Risto; Venesaar, Urve
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 38 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1992)
    • A Publication Activity Model for Finnish Universities 

      Räty, Tarmo; Bondas, Micke
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 448 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.09.2008)
      This paper presents a publication activity model that calculates a research aggregate for the study fields of Finnish universities. The aggregate is expressed in terms of full-time equivalent research years conditional to ...
    • RD and Productivity Growth in Finnish ICT Manufacturing 

      Berghäll, Elina
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 388 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 04.05.2006)
      A stochastic frontier model is applied to firm level panel data from the Finnish ICT manufacturing sector to explore the role of R&D and technological progress in the outstanding productivity growth Finland demonstrated ...
    • Redistribution and Risk Sharing in EMU 

      Parviainen, Seija
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 159 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      This study analyses possibilities for independent national redistribution and risk sharing policy in EMU by reviewing literature on fiscal federalism. The currency union will not directly affect the national welfare policy. ...
    • Reduction in the Long-Term Unemployment of the Elderly: A Success Story from Finland 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Wilke, Ralf A.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 346 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 15.10.2004)
      In Finland the elderly unemployed are allowed to collect unemployment benefits up to the age of 60, when they can retire via a particular unemployment pension. In 1997 the eligibility age of persons benefiting from this ...
    • Reduction in the Long-Term Unemployment of the Elderly: A Success Story from Finland Revised 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Wilke, Ralf A.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 396 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 28.06.2006)
      In several European countries the elderly unemployed are allowed to collect unemployment benefits up to a certain age limit, after which they can retire via some early retirement scheme. In Finland the eligibility age of ...