Selaus nimekkeen mukaan kokoelmassa VATT Discussion Papers (1990-2008)

    • The Micro-Level Dynamics of Declining Labour Share: Lessons from the Finnish Great Leap 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Maliranta, Mika
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 406 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 21.11.2006)
      In contrast with the experiences of the UK and the US, the distribution of labour and capital income has changed sharply in favour of capital in most Continental European and Nordic countries during the past two decades. ...
    • Modelling Crime and Punishment 

      Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 244 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2000)
      This paper provides an extended supply of labour model which allows for different intensities of legal and illegal (criminal) activities and in which criminal activities may be considered both as work and leisure. Heterogeneity ...
    • Modelling Impacts of Lifestyle on Energy Demand and Related Emissions 

      Perrels, Adriaan; Weber, Christoph
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 228 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 29.12.2000)
      An approach to analyse and quantify the impact of lifestyle factors on current and future energy demand is developed. Thereby not only directly environmentally relevant consumer activities such as car use or heating have ...
    • Navigating through the Finnish Pension System 

      Hakola, Tuulia
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 224 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 06.07.2000)
      The paper constructs a competing risks duration model, explaining the probability of retirement due to old-age, ill health or long-term unemployment. It also attempts to measure the degree of substitution between the various ...
    • Non-Parametric Estimation of Lorenz Curves Using Locally Weighted Regression 

      Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 59 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
    • Nonlinearity and Heteroscedasticity in Tobit Models: Score Tests for Misspecification with one Degree of Freedom 

      Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 16 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1992)
    • Nonparametric Estimates of Age Profiles of Household Income, Consumption, Direct Taxes and Public Transfers 

      Koev, Eugen
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 126 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1996)
      The report studies the distribution of income, expenditure, direct taxes and public transfers with respect to the age of household?s head. The data tonsist of five household budget surveys from the period 1971-1990 collected ...
    • Nordic Dual Income Taxation of Entrepreneurs 

      Kari, Seppo; Kanniainen, Vesa; Ylä-Liedenpohja, Jouko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 415 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 05.04.2007)
      The paper shows how entrepreneurial taxes interact with the career choice of individuals, the quality of entrepreneurs, and their investment behavior. It is particularly relevant to differentiate the early effects on ...
    • OECD Forecasts for the G7 Countries in 1969 - 1997 

      Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 187 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      This paper presents a review of OECD forecasts for the G7 countries for the period 1969 - 1997. The analysis deals with the magnitude, auto-correlation and eventual bias of the errors. In addition, we scrutinize the cyclical ...
    • On Calculating Welfare Losses of Taxation and Public Provision 

      Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 74 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
    • On Calculating Welfare Losses of Taxation and Public Provision on the margin and to a degree 

      Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 108 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      In the paper an index number measuring inefficiency of taxation is introduced which is based on an economy-wide generalisation of the input distance function. Related concepts are an input based quantity index, the index ...
    • On Economic Poverty in Finland in the 1990s 

      Sullström, Risto; Riihelä, Marja; Tuomala, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 264 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.01.2002)
      We have examined recent trends in the poverty in Finland using two data sources, the Household Budget Survey (HBS) and the Income Distribution statistics (IDS). We have drawn on the recent literature on poverty analysis ...
    • On Optimal Non-Linear Taxation and Public Good Provision in Overlapping Generations Economy 

      Pirttilä, Jukka; Tuomala, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 200 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      Using the self-selection approach to tax analysis within an OLG framework, the paper examines optimal non-linear labour and capital income taxation and the provision of a durable public good. Under endogenous wages, the ...
    • On the Efficiency of Job and Income Protection in the Dynamic Labour Markets 

      Kilponen, Juha
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 219 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.05.2000)
      This paper investigates the efficiency implications of two kinds of worker protection, job security and income protection. Both of them have important aggregate efficiency effects in the dynamic labor markets, where worker ...
    • On the Importance of Finnishing School: Half a Century of Inter-generational Economic Mobility in Finland 

      Pekkala, Sari; Lucas, Robert E.B.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 359 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 10.02.2005)
      Trends in inter-generational economic mobility in Finland are analyzed using panel data from 1950 through 1999 on more than 200 thousand sons and daughters born between 1930 and 1970. A significant decline is estimated in ...
    • On the Patterns of European Production Factor Mobility 

      Fischer, Peter A.; Parviainen, Seija
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 61 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
    • Optimal Forest Taxation with Multiple-Use Characteristics of Forest Stands 

      Koskela, Erkki; Ollikainen, Markku
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 93 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
    • Optimal Public Procurement Contracts Under a Soft Budget Constraint 

      Mälkönen, Ville
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 464 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2008)
      This paper presents a model where the central government cannot ensure that regional governments manage risks prudentially, due to soft budget constraint. Competition for project funding induces the regional governments ...
    • Partial Unemployment Insurance Benefits and the Transition Rate to Regular Work 

      Kyyrä, Tomi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 440 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 19.03.2008)
      In Finland, unemployed workers who are looking for a full-time job but take up a part-time or very short full-time job may qualify for partial unemployment benefits. In exchange for partial benefits, these applicants must ...
    • Productive Efficiency and Determinants of Inefficiency at Health Centres in Finland 

      Järviö, Maija-Liisa; Luoma, Kalevi; Hjerppe, Reino; Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 94 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      Tutkimuksen tavoitteena oli selvittää terveyskeskusten välillä havaittuja eroja palvelutuotannon tehokkuudessa, jotka aiemman tutkimuksen mukaan ovat varsin huomattavat. Tobit-malliin perustuvan analyysin selitettävänä ...