Selaus nimekkeen mukaan kokoelmassa VATT Discussion Papers (1990-2008)

    • Labour Market Policy and Unemployment - A Job Flow Model of Finland 

      Sinko, Pekka; Holm, Pasi; Tossavainen, Pekka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 210 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      In this study a numerical search equilibrium model of labour markets is applied to the Finnish data in order to analyse the factors behind the record high unemployment of the early 90?s. Job creation and job destruction ...
    • Labour Migration Policies and Economic Integration 

      Fischer, Peter A.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 26 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1992)
    • Labour Supply, Unemployment and Income Taxation: An Empirical Application for Finnish Females 

      Kuismanen, Mika
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 145 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1997)
      Työn tarjontafunktion estimointi on useimmissa tapauksissa perustunut olettamukseen, että yksilöt voivat valita haluamansa työtuntimäärän. Toisen vahvan olettamuksen mukaan yksilöt, jotka eivät ole työskennelleet, eivät ...
    • Labour Tax Reforms and Labour Demand in Finland 1997-2001 

      Sinko, Pekka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 273 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 06.05.2002)
      The report describes the development of labour taxation in Finland since the launching of the Employment Guidelines (EG) in 1997. The taxes considered include state and municipal taxes on earned income as well as social ...
    • Labour Taxation and the Degree of Centralisation in a Trade Union Model with Endogenous Labour Supply 

      Sinko, Pekka; Kilponen, Juha
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 250 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 30.03.2001)
      This paper considers the effect of labour taxation on wages and employment in a trade union model with endogenous working hours. In the model, individuals choose working hours with a given wage rate, competitive firms ...
    • Labour Taxation, Tax Progression and Job Matching - Comparative Alternative Models of Wage Setting 

      Sinko, Pekka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 285 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 21.11.2002)
      In this paper we consider the effects of labour taxation on wages, unemployment and efficiency in a job matching framework. We derive labour market equilibrium with taxes in a model of endogenous job creation and job ...
    • Land Prices in Finland - Information System and Price Developments 

      Loikkanen, Heikki A.; Kurri, Samu; Laakso, Seppo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 161 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      This study describes the land information systems, their evolution, and the market for land information in Finland. We describe the availability and quality of price information both in urban (residential, office and ...
    • Let's Make a Deal - the Impact of Social Security Provisions and Firm Liabilities on Early Retirement 

      Hakola, Tuulia; Uusitalo, Roope
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 260 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 09.11.2001)
      Literature on early retirement has generally ignored firms' role in the labour market withdrawals. Yet, as it is shown in this paper, employee incentives alone cannot explain the increase in unemployment at the end of the ...
    • Liberalisation of Agricultural Trade - Global Implications and what it Means for the EU 

      Vaittinen, Risto
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 303 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 19.05.2003)
      The liberalisation of agricultural trade is expected to become a key element of the agreement resulting from the WTO's Doha Round. The economic impacts of agricultural trade liberalisation are evaluated in this study using ...
    • Life-cycle Profiles of Consumption and Income. An analysis of the Finnish household budget surveys in 1966-1990 

      Sullström, Risto; Riihelä, Marja
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 50 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1993)
    • Lomé Convention 

      Santos, Sandra
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 139 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1997)
      This paper examines the EU development cooperation policy and the Lomé convention system. Development cooperation policy aims to achieve a socially and economically sustainable development in the poorest countries. In 1975 ...
    • The Micro-Level Dynamics of Declining Labour Share: Lessons from the Finnish Great Leap 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Maliranta, Mika
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 406 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 21.11.2006)
      In contrast with the experiences of the UK and the US, the distribution of labour and capital income has changed sharply in favour of capital in most Continental European and Nordic countries during the past two decades. ...
    • Modelling Crime and Punishment 

      Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 244 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2000)
      This paper provides an extended supply of labour model which allows for different intensities of legal and illegal (criminal) activities and in which criminal activities may be considered both as work and leisure. Heterogeneity ...
    • Modelling Impacts of Lifestyle on Energy Demand and Related Emissions 

      Perrels, Adriaan; Weber, Christoph
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 228 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 29.12.2000)
      An approach to analyse and quantify the impact of lifestyle factors on current and future energy demand is developed. Thereby not only directly environmentally relevant consumer activities such as car use or heating have ...
    • Navigating through the Finnish Pension System 

      Hakola, Tuulia
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 224 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 06.07.2000)
      The paper constructs a competing risks duration model, explaining the probability of retirement due to old-age, ill health or long-term unemployment. It also attempts to measure the degree of substitution between the various ...
    • Non-Parametric Estimation of Lorenz Curves Using Locally Weighted Regression 

      Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 59 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
    • Nonlinearity and Heteroscedasticity in Tobit Models: Score Tests for Misspecification with one Degree of Freedom 

      Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 16 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1992)
    • Nonparametric Estimates of Age Profiles of Household Income, Consumption, Direct Taxes and Public Transfers 

      Koev, Eugen
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 126 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1996)
      The report studies the distribution of income, expenditure, direct taxes and public transfers with respect to the age of household?s head. The data tonsist of five household budget surveys from the period 1971-1990 collected ...
    • Nordic Dual Income Taxation of Entrepreneurs 

      Kari, Seppo; Kanniainen, Vesa; Ylä-Liedenpohja, Jouko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 415 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 05.04.2007)
      The paper shows how entrepreneurial taxes interact with the career choice of individuals, the quality of entrepreneurs, and their investment behavior. It is particularly relevant to differentiate the early effects on ...
    • OECD Forecasts for the G7 Countries in 1969 - 1997 

      Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 187 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      This paper presents a review of OECD forecasts for the G7 countries for the period 1969 - 1997. The analysis deals with the magnitude, auto-correlation and eventual bias of the errors. In addition, we scrutinize the cyclical ...