Selaus nimekkeen mukaan kokoelmassa VATT Discussion Papers (1990-2008)

    • Impact of Alternative Benefit Levels and Parental Choices on the Parent's Income 

      Haataja, Anita; Mattila-Wiro, Päivi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 399 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 29.09.2006)
      One aim of the Finnish parental leave benefit scheme (maternity-, paternity and parental leave benefits) is to support the participation of both mothers and fathers in caring their child since her/his birth. Most fathers ...
    • Impact of Business Subsidies on Growth of Firms - Preliminary Evidence from Finnish Panel Data 

      Venetoklis, Takis
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 220 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.06.2000)
      This study examines the impact of business subsidies on beneficiary and non-beneficiary firms during a short three year period, from 1995 to 1997. The indicator measuring the impact of subsidies on these firms is their ...
    • Impacts of the European Emission Trade System on Finnish Wholesale Electricity Prices 

      Perrels, Adriaan; Honkatukia, Juha; Mälkönen, Ville
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 405 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.11.2006)
      This study deals with the matter to what extent the costs of the EU Emission Trade System (EU ETS) end up in the electricity prices. The study encompasses both a theoretical and an empirical review of electricity price ...
    • The Impacts of WTO Export Subsidy Abolition on the Agri-food Industry in the EU: A Preliminary Assessment 

      Kerkelä, Leena; Lehtonen, Heikki; Niemi, Jyrki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 375 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.12.2005)
      As a part of agricultural negotiations, the WTO members have agreed to phase out all forms of export subsidies. This study evaluates the current level and commitments of subsidised export quantities and subsidy expenditures ...
    • Imperfect Competition, Clubs, and Two-Part Tariffs 

      Glazer, Amihai; Niskanen, Esko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 95 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      Oligopolistisilla markkinoilla toimivat, klubeja (ruuhkautuvaa julkista hyödykettä) tuottavat yritykset perivät asiakkailtaan kaksiosaisen hinnan: muuttuva osa on rajakustannuksen suuruinen ja kiinteän osan suuruus riippuu ...
    • Imputed Rental Income, Taxation and Income Distribution in Finland 

      Saarimaa, Tuukka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 446 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.07.2008)
      This paper analyses the effects of imputed rental income from owner-occupied housing and its taxation on income distribution in Finland. Using micro-data from the 2004 Wealth Survey produced by Statistics Finland we find ...
    • The Increased Revenue from Finnish Corporate Income Tax in the 1990s 

      Kosonen, Tuomas
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 421 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 25.05.2007)
      In 2000, revenues from corporate income tax (CIT) in Finland were seven times higher than in 1994. We decompose the aggregate development of CIT revenues in a number of ways in order to establish what aspects of corporate ...
    • Individual Trade Policies in EU - The Case of Car Markets 

      Drei, Paola
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 111 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      This paper examines the possibilities of EU member countries to pursue individual trade policies after implementation of the single market. Having reviewed the relevant changes in the institutional framework formed by GATT ...
    • Industry Wage Differentials in Finland, 1989 

      Tossavainen, Pekka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 68 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
    • Innovation Performance of Firms in Manufacturing Industry: Evidence from Belgium, Finland and Germany in 1998-2000 

      Seppä, Elina
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 414 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.02.2007)
      The objective of this study is to study whether the R&D expenditures in Finnish firms generate better innovation output than in Belgian and German firms following the studies of Mohnen et al. (2006) and Mohnen and Dagenais ...
    • Integrated Panel of Finnish Companies and Workers 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Korkeamäki, Ossi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 226 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 21.08.2000)
      In this paper we describe the compiling of the integrated data which comprises longitudinal information on Finnish companies and workers. The company panel of the data is dynamically representative over time and covers a ...
    • Interest Rate Forecasting with Neural Networks 

      Täppinen, Jan
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 170 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      This paper compares neural networks and linear regression models in interest rate forecasting using US term structure data. The expectations hypothesis gets some extra support from the neural network model as compared to ...
    • Internal Migration and Labour Market Transitions of Unemployment Workers 

      Haapanen, Mika
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 179 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      This study examines two questions: how does internal migration affect labour market transitions of unemployed workers in 1994 and what are the determinants of migration in 1990 - 95. In both cases multinomial logit model ...
    • Intraindustry Trade, Competitiveness, and Price Rigidities in the Finnish Manufacturing Industries 

      Honkatukia, Juha
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 90 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
    • Investment Incentives in Closely Held Corporations and Finland's 2005 Tax Reform 

      Kari, Seppo; Hietala, Harri
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 392 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 04.05.2006)
      This paper analyses the effects of the recent Finnish income tax reform on the behaviour of a closely held corporation (CHC) and its owners. The main elements of the reform are cuts in corporate and capital income tax rates ...
    • Is Fiscal Policy Sustainable in Developing Economies? 

      Ghatak, Subrata; Sánchez-Fung, José R.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 384 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 21.03.2006)
      This paper investigates fiscal policy sustainability in Peru, the Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, and Venezuela using competing methodologies. Standard unit roots and cointegration analyses do not endorse the validity ...
    • Is Little Brother Nothing but Trouble?: Educational Attainment, Returns to Schooling and Sibling Structure 

      Pekkala, Sari
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 302 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 15.04.2003)
      Family effects on an individual's labor market success have been studied by economists and sociologists. The consensus is that background matters to educational and labor market performance, but it is not clear how and ...
    • Is There a Laffer Curve Between Output and Public Sector Employment? 

      Koskela, Erkki; Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 194 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      This paper develops a model of the relationship between public sector employment, total output and aggregate real demand in market prices, where public employment has a positive productivity effect on private output and ...
    • Is There an Election Cycle in Public Employment? Separating Time Effects from Election Year Effects 

      Dahlberg, Matz; Mörk, Eva
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 444 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 05.05.2008)
      Do governments increase public employment in election years? This paper investigates this question by using data from Sweden and Finland, two countries that are similar in many respects but in which local elections are ...
    • Labour Market Policy and Unemployment - A Job Flow Model of Finland 

      Sinko, Pekka; Holm, Pasi; Tossavainen, Pekka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 210 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      In this study a numerical search equilibrium model of labour markets is applied to the Finnish data in order to analyse the factors behind the record high unemployment of the early 90?s. Job creation and job destruction ...