Selaus nimekkeen mukaan kokoelmassa VATT Discussion Papers (1990-2008)

    • Health Centre Productivity in Finland: Productivity change from 1980 to 1990 and productivity differences in 1990 

      Järviö, Maija-Liisa; Luoma, Kalevi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 42 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1992)
    • Helsinki Workshop on Infrastructure Charging on Railways 31 July - 1 August, 2000 

      Nash, Chris; Niskanen, Esko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 245 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2000)
      Whilst there is a long tradition of economic analysis of charging for the use of road infrastructure, the situation relating to rail is quite different. In most cases until recently railways have been integrated organisations ...
    • Homo Entreprenaurus? 

      Uusitalo, Roope
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 205 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      This paper examines the determinants of self-employment and transitions from wage work to self-employment using two sets of Finnish data from the 1990?s. The results show that capital constraints have only a minor effect ...
    • Hours of Work and Time Use of Employment People in Estonia and Finland 

      Romppanen, Antti; Aedna, Elmar
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 25 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1992)
    • Housing Allowance and the Rent of Low-income Households 

      Kangasharju, Aki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 458 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.11.2008)
      This paper analyses the effect of a housing allowance programme on the rent paid by assisted low-income households. The data consist of some 12,000 rental households in the free market and municipal sectors during 1994–2003. ...
    • Housing Demand and Tenure Choice: Evidence from Finland 

      Loikkanen, Heikki A.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 11 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1991)
    • Housing in Estonia and Finland 

      Aarma, Heidi; Laakso, Seppo; Loikkanen, Heikki A.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 48 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1993)
    • How Sensitive is the Public Budget Balance to Cyclical Fluctuations in the EU? 

      Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 230 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 09.10.2000)
      This paper discusses the fiscal behaviour of EU countries in 1972-1999. It attempts to find out how deficits adjust to changes in interest rates and output growth by examining the hypothesis that the reaction of deficits ...
    • Impact of Alternative Benefit Levels and Parental Choices on the Parent's Income 

      Haataja, Anita; Mattila-Wiro, Päivi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 399 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 29.09.2006)
      One aim of the Finnish parental leave benefit scheme (maternity-, paternity and parental leave benefits) is to support the participation of both mothers and fathers in caring their child since her/his birth. Most fathers ...
    • Impact of Business Subsidies on Growth of Firms - Preliminary Evidence from Finnish Panel Data 

      Venetoklis, Takis
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 220 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.06.2000)
      This study examines the impact of business subsidies on beneficiary and non-beneficiary firms during a short three year period, from 1995 to 1997. The indicator measuring the impact of subsidies on these firms is their ...
    • Impacts of the European Emission Trade System on Finnish Wholesale Electricity Prices 

      Perrels, Adriaan; Honkatukia, Juha; Mälkönen, Ville
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 405 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.11.2006)
      This study deals with the matter to what extent the costs of the EU Emission Trade System (EU ETS) end up in the electricity prices. The study encompasses both a theoretical and an empirical review of electricity price ...
    • The Impacts of WTO Export Subsidy Abolition on the Agri-food Industry in the EU: A Preliminary Assessment 

      Kerkelä, Leena; Lehtonen, Heikki; Niemi, Jyrki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 375 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.12.2005)
      As a part of agricultural negotiations, the WTO members have agreed to phase out all forms of export subsidies. This study evaluates the current level and commitments of subsidised export quantities and subsidy expenditures ...
    • Imperfect Competition, Clubs, and Two-Part Tariffs 

      Glazer, Amihai; Niskanen, Esko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 95 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      Oligopolistisilla markkinoilla toimivat, klubeja (ruuhkautuvaa julkista hyödykettä) tuottavat yritykset perivät asiakkailtaan kaksiosaisen hinnan: muuttuva osa on rajakustannuksen suuruinen ja kiinteän osan suuruus riippuu ...
    • Imputed Rental Income, Taxation and Income Distribution in Finland 

      Saarimaa, Tuukka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 446 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.07.2008)
      This paper analyses the effects of imputed rental income from owner-occupied housing and its taxation on income distribution in Finland. Using micro-data from the 2004 Wealth Survey produced by Statistics Finland we find ...
    • The Increased Revenue from Finnish Corporate Income Tax in the 1990s 

      Kosonen, Tuomas
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 421 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 25.05.2007)
      In 2000, revenues from corporate income tax (CIT) in Finland were seven times higher than in 1994. We decompose the aggregate development of CIT revenues in a number of ways in order to establish what aspects of corporate ...
    • Individual Trade Policies in EU - The Case of Car Markets 

      Drei, Paola
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 111 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      This paper examines the possibilities of EU member countries to pursue individual trade policies after implementation of the single market. Having reviewed the relevant changes in the institutional framework formed by GATT ...
    • Industry Wage Differentials in Finland, 1989 

      Tossavainen, Pekka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 68 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
    • Innovation Performance of Firms in Manufacturing Industry: Evidence from Belgium, Finland and Germany in 1998-2000 

      Seppä, Elina
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 414 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.02.2007)
      The objective of this study is to study whether the R&D expenditures in Finnish firms generate better innovation output than in Belgian and German firms following the studies of Mohnen et al. (2006) and Mohnen and Dagenais ...
    • Integrated Panel of Finnish Companies and Workers 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Korkeamäki, Ossi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 226 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 21.08.2000)
      In this paper we describe the compiling of the integrated data which comprises longitudinal information on Finnish companies and workers. The company panel of the data is dynamically representative over time and covers a ...
    • Interest Rate Forecasting with Neural Networks 

      Täppinen, Jan
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 170 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      This paper compares neural networks and linear regression models in interest rate forecasting using US term structure data. The expectations hypothesis gets some extra support from the neural network model as compared to ...