Selaus nimekkeen mukaan kokoelmassa VATT Discussion Papers (1990-2008)

    • A Game-Theoretic Approach to the Roundwood Market with Capital Stock Determination 

      Koskela, Erkki; Ollikainen, Markku
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 132 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1996)
      The paper provides a framework to approach price and quantity determination in the roundwood market from a slightly new perspective. In the spirit of the trade union literature, a model of timber price determination is ...
    • The Gender Wage Gap and Sex Segregation in Finland 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Korkeamäki, Ossi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 288 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 15.01.2003)
      This paper investigates how the segregation of women and men into certain occupations, industries, firms and jobs within the firms is reflected in the gender wage gap in the Finnish manufacturing sector. Using matched ...
    • Gerontocracy Revisited: Unilateral Transfer to the Young May Benefit the Middle-aged 

      Poutvaara, Panu
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 275 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 22.05.2002)
      According to conventional wisdom, intergenerational transfers can survive, in the absence of altruism, only if the old are net recipients. I prove that this need not hold in an overlapping generations model with a fixed ...
    • Government Size and Output Volatility: New International Evidence 

      Koskela, Erkki; Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 339 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.07.2004)
      This paper re-examines the relationship between government size and output volatility from two perspectives. First, we use a wider international data set of 91 countries over the period 1980–1999 and thus not only the OECD ...
    • Greenhouse Gas Policy Questions and Socio-economic Research Implications for Finland in a National and International Context 

      Perrels, Adriaan
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 222 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 04.07.2000)
      This publication contains the proceedings of a VATT seminar held in November 1999 in Helsinki. The purpose of the seminar was to assess greenhouse gas policy questions and related socio-economic research implications for ...
    • Growth and Employment in Nordic Welfare States in the 1990s: a Tale of Crisis and Revival 

      Kiander, Jaakko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 336 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 11.06.2004)
      This paper reviews the macroeconomic performance of the so called Nordic welfare states, especially in terms of growth and employment. In the post-war years the Nordic economies enjoyed rapid growth and full employment. ...
    • Guide to FUSSEP (Finnish University Students Socio-Economic Preferences) 2005 round 

      Venetoklis, Takis
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 404 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.11.2006)
      The paper serves as a guide to the FUSSEP (Finnish University Students Socio-Economic Preferences) database – 2005 round. The data were gathered via an Internet mail survey in the Fall of 2005. The target population was ...
    • Health Centre Productivity in Finland: Productivity change from 1980 to 1990 and productivity differences in 1990 

      Järviö, Maija-Liisa; Luoma, Kalevi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 42 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1992)
    • Helsinki Workshop on Infrastructure Charging on Railways 31 July - 1 August, 2000 

      Nash, Chris; Niskanen, Esko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 245 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2000)
      Whilst there is a long tradition of economic analysis of charging for the use of road infrastructure, the situation relating to rail is quite different. In most cases until recently railways have been integrated organisations ...
    • Homo Entreprenaurus? 

      Uusitalo, Roope
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 205 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      This paper examines the determinants of self-employment and transitions from wage work to self-employment using two sets of Finnish data from the 1990?s. The results show that capital constraints have only a minor effect ...
    • Hours of Work and Time Use of Employment People in Estonia and Finland 

      Romppanen, Antti; Aedna, Elmar
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 25 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1992)
    • Housing Allowance and the Rent of Low-income Households 

      Kangasharju, Aki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 458 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.11.2008)
      This paper analyses the effect of a housing allowance programme on the rent paid by assisted low-income households. The data consist of some 12,000 rental households in the free market and municipal sectors during 1994–2003. ...
    • Housing Demand and Tenure Choice: Evidence from Finland 

      Loikkanen, Heikki A.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 11 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1991)
    • Housing in Estonia and Finland 

      Aarma, Heidi; Laakso, Seppo; Loikkanen, Heikki A.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 48 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1993)
    • How Sensitive is the Public Budget Balance to Cyclical Fluctuations in the EU? 

      Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 230 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 09.10.2000)
      This paper discusses the fiscal behaviour of EU countries in 1972-1999. It attempts to find out how deficits adjust to changes in interest rates and output growth by examining the hypothesis that the reaction of deficits ...
    • Impact of Alternative Benefit Levels and Parental Choices on the Parent's Income 

      Haataja, Anita; Mattila-Wiro, Päivi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 399 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 29.09.2006)
      One aim of the Finnish parental leave benefit scheme (maternity-, paternity and parental leave benefits) is to support the participation of both mothers and fathers in caring their child since her/his birth. Most fathers ...
    • Impact of Business Subsidies on Growth of Firms - Preliminary Evidence from Finnish Panel Data 

      Venetoklis, Takis
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 220 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.06.2000)
      This study examines the impact of business subsidies on beneficiary and non-beneficiary firms during a short three year period, from 1995 to 1997. The indicator measuring the impact of subsidies on these firms is their ...
    • Impacts of the European Emission Trade System on Finnish Wholesale Electricity Prices 

      Perrels, Adriaan; Honkatukia, Juha; Mälkönen, Ville
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 405 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.11.2006)
      This study deals with the matter to what extent the costs of the EU Emission Trade System (EU ETS) end up in the electricity prices. The study encompasses both a theoretical and an empirical review of electricity price ...
    • The Impacts of WTO Export Subsidy Abolition on the Agri-food Industry in the EU: A Preliminary Assessment 

      Kerkelä, Leena; Lehtonen, Heikki; Niemi, Jyrki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 375 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.12.2005)
      As a part of agricultural negotiations, the WTO members have agreed to phase out all forms of export subsidies. This study evaluates the current level and commitments of subsidised export quantities and subsidy expenditures ...
    • Imperfect Competition, Clubs, and Two-Part Tariffs 

      Glazer, Amihai; Niskanen, Esko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 95 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      Oligopolistisilla markkinoilla toimivat, klubeja (ruuhkautuvaa julkista hyödykettä) tuottavat yritykset perivät asiakkailtaan kaksiosaisen hinnan: muuttuva osa on rajakustannuksen suuruinen ja kiinteän osan suuruus riippuu ...