Selaus nimekkeen mukaan kokoelmassa VATT Discussion Papers (1990-2008)

    • Eastern Enlargement and Portugal 

      Fernandes, Tania
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 188 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      The paper is structured in two parts. The first one analyses the proposals of the European Commission concerning the reform of the European Union policies and the Eastern enlargement, set out in Agenda 2000. The second ...
    • Economic Impacts of Immigration: A Survey 

      Pekkala, Sari
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 362 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.03.2005)
      This survey presents findings from recent empirical studies on economic impacts of immigration with particular emphasis on European and Nordic countries. The survey consists of three parts. First, we look at the extent of ...
    • Economic Implications of Differences in Member State Regulations for the European Union Emission Trade System 

      Perrels, Adriaan
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 412 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.02.2007)
      This report discusses the economic implications of the regulatory organisation of the European Emission Trade System (EU ETS) in the member states, and more in particular the consequences of differences between national ...
    • Economic Poverty in Finland 1971-2004 

      Sullström, Risto; Riihelä, Marja; Tuomala, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 418 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 16.03.2007)
      In this paper we examined trends in the economic poverty in Finland using two data sources, the IDS (Income Distribution Survey) and the CES (Consumption Expenditure Survey). We drew on the recent literature on poverty ...
    • Education and Unemployment: State Dependence in Unemployment Among Young People in the 1990s 

      Hämäläinen, Kari
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 312 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 21.08.2003)
      This study examines the labour market careers of young people who finished their studies or left compulsory schooling in 1988. The main issue of interest is the impact of past unemployment on current unemployment. The ...
    • The Effect of Three-rate Property Taxation on Housing Construction 

      Lyytikäinen, Teemu
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 419 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 03.05.2007)
      This paper examines the effect on housing construction of taxing undeveloped residential land at a higher rate than developed land. In 2001, Finnish municipalities were allowed to levy an extra property tax on undeveloped ...
    • Effects of Equalization Tax on Multinational Investments and Transfer Pricing 

      Kari, Seppo; Ylä-Liedenpohja, Jouko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 337 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 15.06.2004)
      This paper analyzes effects of equalization tax on the decisions of a multinational company. Equalization tax is an extra corporation tax on dividend distributions to ensure that the underlying profit of a dividend has ...
    • Effects of Fiscal Policy on Private Consumption 

      Arola, Mika
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 133 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1996)
      This paper examines the effects of fiscal policy on private consumption. The paper evaluates the assumption that the effects of fiscal policy are dependent on the public sector's financial situation, which changes the ...
    • Efficiency of Finnish Upper Secondary Schools: An Application of Stochastic Frontier Analysis with Panel Data 

      Kirjavainen, Tanja
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 428 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.11.2007)
      In this study the efficiency of Finnish upper secondary schools is evaluated with stochastic frontier analysis. Different stochastic frontier models for panel data are used to estimate education production functions. The ...
    • Employment and Wage Effects of a Payroll-Tax Cut-Evidence from a Regional Experiment 

      Korkeamäki, Ossi; Uusitalo, Roope
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 443 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.04.2008)
      In this paper we evaluate the effects of a regional experiment that reduced payroll-taxes by 3–6 percentage points for three years in Northern Finland. We match each firm in the target region with a similar firm in a ...
    • Employment Effects of a Payroll-Tax Cut: Evidence from a Regional Tax Exemption Experiment 

      Korkeamäki, Ossi; Uusitalo, Roope
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 407 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 21.11.2006)
      In this paper we evaluate the effects of a regional experiment that reduced payroll taxes by 3-6 percentage points in Northern Finland for three years. We match each firm in the target region with a similar firm in the ...
    • Employment Growth and Labour Market Flexibility in OECD Countries 

      Kiander, Jaakko; Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 184 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      This paper investigates the adjustment of employment to population shocks in 22 OECD countries over the period 1960 - 1997. Most of the countries have experienced significant population shocks during that period. The speed ...
    • Employment Policies in Two Ageing Societies: Japan and Finland Compared 

      Räisänen, Heikki; Hori, Haruhiko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 453 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 30.09.2008)
      This study compares employment policies between two rapidly ageing societies: Japan and Finland. This paper concentrates on analysing the elderly people who leave the labour market early and the young people entering the ...
    • Enlargement of the European Union with the CEECs. Problems, recent experiences and suggested solutions 

      Pluennecke, Axel
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 73 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
    • Estimating Equilibrium Search Models from Finnish Data 

      Kyyrä, Tomi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 256 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.05.2001)
      Empirical equilibrium search models have attracted a growing interest in recent years. Estimation of such models has not been completely successful, however. This has led researchers to develop more sophisticated versions ...
    • EU-Enlargement and Beyond: A Simulation Study on EU and Russia Integration 

      Sulamaa, Pekka; Widgrén, Mika
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 356 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 16.12.2004)
      This paper examines the economic effects of the opening of the Russian Federation. The analysis carried out in the paper is two-fold. First we simulate the impact of the eastern enlargement of the EU and, second, we analyse ...
    • Evaluating tax and benefit reforms in 1996-2001 

      Laine, Veli
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 280 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.07.2002)
      This report evaluates the tax-benefit reforms in 1996?2001. The Government appointed a working group in 1995 to plan the tax-benefit reforms. The proposals of the group were first implemented in 1997 and all the measures ...
    • Evaluation and Monitoring of Business Aid in Finland. Applicant Enterprises Projects and Distributors of Aid in Industrially Declining Regions. A Quantitative Approach 

      Venetoklis, Takis
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 169 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      The study examines comprehensively the three entities involved when state aid is distributed to enterprises in Finland, namely the applicant enterprises, the projects financed and the distributors of funds. It demonstrates ...
    • The Evolution of the Finnish Model in the 1990s: from Depression to High-tech Boom 

      Kiander, Jaakko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 344 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 15.12.2004)
      Finland has recently got much admiration due to economic success reflected in rankings of competitiveness, technology, education and economic growth. This success has largely been embodied in the growth of Nokia group and ...
    • Explaining Gender Wage Differentials: Findings from a Random Effects Model 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Korkeamäki, Ossi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 320 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 18.12.2003)
      In this paper we evaluate the extent to which the gender wage gap in the Finnish manufacturing sector is attributable to within-job wage differentials, sex differences in individual qualifications, and disproportionate ...