Selaus nimekkeen mukaan kokoelmassa VATT Discussion Papers (1990-2008)

    • Demographic Factors and the Demand for Housing in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area 

      Kuismanen, Mika; Laakso, Seppo; Loikkanen, Heikki A.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 191 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      We examine the role of demographics on the housing market in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area (HMA) using the Mankiw and Weil (1989) approach. First, we estimate housing demand for each age group in HMA using cross section ...
    • Demography, Pensions and Welfare: Fertility Shocks and the Finnish Economy 

      Kenc, Turalay; Perraudin, William
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 131 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1996)
      The economic effects of an ageing population are preoccupying policy-makers in most industrial countries. In this paper, we study the economic impact of the demographic shock in Finland, a country for which the post-war ...
    • Determinants of Expenditure Variation in Finnish Municipalities 

      Moisio, Antti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 269 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 19.03.2002)
      This paper focuses on two separate issues. First, the expenditure response of Finnish municipalities to price and income changes during the matching grants period is examined. Second, the existence of the so-called "flypaper ...
    • Determinants of Health Care Expenditures in Finnish Hospital Districts 1993-2005 

      Aaltonen, Juho
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 429 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.11.2007)
      This study assesses which factors explain the development of health care expenditures in Finnish hospital districts during 1993–2005. According to the results, real health care expenditures in hospital districts during the ...
    • The Determinants of Unemployment Duration by Gender in Finland 

      Ollikainen, Virve
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 316 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 24.11.2003)
      This paper models unemployment durations for men and women in Finland using a nationally representative data set from 1997. We begin with a baseline model where durations are modelled using a single risk discrete time ...
    • A Distributional Analysis of Displacement Costs in an Economic Depression and Recovery 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Korkeamäki, Ossi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 465 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2008)
      We study the earnings losses of Finnish private sector workers who lost their jobs at two very different points in the business cycle. The first group was displaced in 1992 (depression period) and the second one in 1997 ...
    • Do automatic stabilisers take care of asymmetric shocks in the euro area? 

      Kiander, Jaakko; Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 234 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.12.2000)
      This paper deals with the question whether the automatic fiscal stabilisers are strong enough to solve the problem of asymmetric shocks in the Euro area. The question is important for many reasons, for instance in terms ...
    • Do Wage-subsidies Increase Employment in Firms? 

      Venetoklis, Takis; Kangasharju, Aki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 304 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 19.05.2003)
      The literature evaluating active labour market programmes concentrates on the subsequent labour market performance of the unemployed work force that has undergone training or has spent a certain period in a subsidised job. ...
    • Do Wages Subsidies Increase Employment in Subsidised Firms? 

      Kangasharju, Aki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 378 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 30.12.2005)
      The present paper examines whether subsidised jobs have contributed to the employment in subsidised firms or merely substituted for non-subsidised ones. The data set is an unbalanced panel of some 31,000 firms that are ...
    • Does Centralised Wage Setting Lead into Higher Taxation? 

      Sinko, Pekka; Kilponen, Juha
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 314 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 22.10.2003)
      This paper studies implications of centralised wage setting for the level of taxation and public expenditure in an analytical model with unionised labour markets. We extend the previous studies by allowing for both demand ...
    • Does the Composition of Wage and Payroll Taxes Matter Under Nash Bargaining? 

      Koskela, Erkki; Schöb, Ronnie
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 203 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      Using the Nash bargaining approach to wage negotiations this paper shows that conventional wisdom, according to which the total tax wedge is the sum of wage and payroll taxes, is valid for equal tax bases, e.g., when the ...
    • Does the Size of the Legislature Affect the Size of Government? Evidence from Two Natural Experiments 

      Pettersson-Lidbom, Per
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 350 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.12.2004)
      Previous empirical studies have found a positive relationship between the size of legislature and the size of government. Those studies, however, do not adequately address the concerns of endogeneity. In contrast, this ...
    • Durable Goods and Household Saving Ratios in the Euro Area 

      Jalava, Jukka; Kavonius, Ilja Kristian
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 409 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 29.12.2006)
      The purpose of this paper is to estimate the impact of capitalising durable goods on the Euro area (EA) countries' and the EA-aggregate's household saving ratios and disposable incomes. The reason for this exercise is ...
    • Eastern Enlargement and Portugal 

      Fernandes, Tania
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 188 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      The paper is structured in two parts. The first one analyses the proposals of the European Commission concerning the reform of the European Union policies and the Eastern enlargement, set out in Agenda 2000. The second ...
    • Economic Impacts of Immigration: A Survey 

      Pekkala, Sari
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 362 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.03.2005)
      This survey presents findings from recent empirical studies on economic impacts of immigration with particular emphasis on European and Nordic countries. The survey consists of three parts. First, we look at the extent of ...
    • Economic Implications of Differences in Member State Regulations for the European Union Emission Trade System 

      Perrels, Adriaan
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 412 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.02.2007)
      This report discusses the economic implications of the regulatory organisation of the European Emission Trade System (EU ETS) in the member states, and more in particular the consequences of differences between national ...
    • Economic Poverty in Finland 1971-2004 

      Sullström, Risto; Riihelä, Marja; Tuomala, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 418 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 16.03.2007)
      In this paper we examined trends in the economic poverty in Finland using two data sources, the IDS (Income Distribution Survey) and the CES (Consumption Expenditure Survey). We drew on the recent literature on poverty ...
    • Education and Unemployment: State Dependence in Unemployment Among Young People in the 1990s 

      Hämäläinen, Kari
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 312 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 21.08.2003)
      This study examines the labour market careers of young people who finished their studies or left compulsory schooling in 1988. The main issue of interest is the impact of past unemployment on current unemployment. The ...
    • The Effect of Three-rate Property Taxation on Housing Construction 

      Lyytikäinen, Teemu
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 419 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 03.05.2007)
      This paper examines the effect on housing construction of taxing undeveloped residential land at a higher rate than developed land. In 2001, Finnish municipalities were allowed to levy an extra property tax on undeveloped ...
    • Effects of Equalization Tax on Multinational Investments and Transfer Pricing 

      Kari, Seppo; Ylä-Liedenpohja, Jouko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 337 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 15.06.2004)
      This paper analyzes effects of equalization tax on the decisions of a multinational company. Equalization tax is an extra corporation tax on dividend distributions to ensure that the underlying profit of a dividend has ...