• Does admission to elite engineering school make a difference? 

      Kuuppelomäki, Tiina; Kortelainen, Mika; Suhonen, Tuomo; Virtanen, Hanna
      VATT Working Papers : 127 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 31.10.2019)
      This paper explores the effects of university quality in STEM education by examining the consequences of admission to Finland’s most competitive engineering school for students' performance in their studies and the labor ...
    • The Relevance of Wholesale Electricity Market Places: The Nordic Case 

      Spodniak, Petr; Ollikka, Kimmo; Honkapuro, Samuli
      VATT Working Papers : 126 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 23.10.2019)
      Electricity wholesale markets are undergoing rapid transformation due to the increasing share of distributed and variable renewable energy sources (vRES) penetrating the market. The increasing shares of stochastic wind ...
    • The Long-Run Effects of Cesarean Sections 

      Costa-Ramón, Ana; Kortelainen, Mika; Rodríguez-González, Ana; Sääksvuori, Lauri
      VATT Working Papers : 125 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 17.10.2019)
      This paper analyzes the long-term effects of potentially avoidable C-sections on children's health. Using Finnish administrative data, we document that physicians perform more unplanned C-sections during their regular ...
    • Job Tasks and Gender Wage Gaps within Occupations 

      Bizopoulou, Aspasia
      VATT Working Papers : 124 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 09.10.2019)
      I provide evidence that task use at work by men and women in the same occupations is significantly different. The observed difference can account for the within-occupational gender-wage gap that is prevalent in many developed ...
    • Missing Miles: Evasion Responses to Car Taxes 

      Harju, Jarkko; Kosonen, Tuomas; Slemrod, Joel
      VATT Working Papers : 123 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
      We study a tax evasion response to car taxes in Finland, where used car importers overstate the mileage to reduce tax liability. First, we develop a tax evasion measure by comparing reported mileage upon import with ...
    • Tax Compliance in the Rental Housing Market: Evidence from a Field Experiment 

      Eerola, Essi; Kosonen, Tuomas; Kotakorpi, Kaisa; Lyytikäinen, Teemu; Tuimala, Jarno
      VATT Working Papers : 122 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
      We study rental income tax compliance using a large-scale randomized fild experiment and register data with third-party information on the ownership of apartments. We analyze the responses of potential landlords to treatment ...
    • Victorian Voting: The Origins of Party Orientation and Class Alignment 

      Dewan, Torun; Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 121 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 08 / 2019)
      Much of what we know about the alignment of voters with parties comes from mass surveys of the electorate in the postwar period or from aggregate electoral data. Using individual elector level panel data from 19th-century ...
    • Open or Closed? How List Type Affects Electoral Performance, Candidate Selection, and Campaign Effort 

      Hangartner, Dominik; Ruiz, Nelson A.; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 120 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 12.07.2019)
      What effect does using open (as opposed to closed) lists in proportional representation elections have on party performance and the quality of candidate selection? We provide novel evidence by studying local elections in ...
    • Does Mandating Social Insurance Affect Entrepreneurial Activity? 

      Benzarti, Youssef; Harju, Jarkko; Matikka, Tuomas
      VATT Working Papers : 119 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.06.2019)
      This paper estimates the effect of relaxing the social insurance mandate on entrepreneurial activity using rich administrative data from Finland. We find that relaxing the social insurance mandate leads entrepreneurs to ...
    • Anatomy of public procurement 

      Jääskeläinen, Jan; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 118 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 11.04.2019)
      We provide novel stylized facts about competition, bidding, entry and bidders across a wide spectrum of public procurement auctions using comprehensive and rich Finnish data. Competition for publicly procured contracts is ...
    • Digital Waste? Unintended Consequences of Health Information Technology 

      Böckerman, Petri; Kortelainen, Mika; Laine, Liisa T.; Nurminen, Mikko; Saxell, Tanja
      VATT Working Papers : 117 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 04.04.2019)
      We exploit a large-scale natural experiment - the rollout of a nationwide electronic prescribing system in Finland - to study how digitization of prescriptions affects pharmaceutical use and health outcomes. We use ...
    • Causality in Quantiles and Dynamic Relations in Energy Markets 

      Kyritsis, Evangelos; Andersson, Jonas
      VATT Working Papers : 116 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.03.2019)
      In this paper we investigate the dynamic relations between crude oil price returns and a set of energy price returns, namely diesel, gasoline, heating, and the natural gas. This is performed by means of Granger non-causality ...
    • Lost Boys: Access to Secondary Education and Crime 

      Huttunen, Kristiina; Pekkarinen, Tuomas; Uusitalo, Roope; Virtanen, Hanna
      VATT Working Papers : 114 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 31.12.2018)
      We study the effect of post-compulsory education on crime by exploiting a regression discontinuity design generated by admission cut-offs to upper secondary schools in Finland. We combine data on school applications with ...
    • Subsidy Bidding Wars and the Structure of Multi-Plant Firms 

      Lapointe, Simon; Morand, Pierre-Henri
      VATT Working Papers : 115 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 22.01.2019)
      Governments spend large amounts of money to attract firms to their territory, often resulting from bidding wars against other regions. Previous papers show that such bidding wars can improve social welfare by allocating ...
    • Public Procurement versus Laissez-Faire: Evidence from Household Waste Collection 

      Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 113 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 20.12.2018)
      We document that switching from laissez-faire production to public procurement in residential waste collection in Finland reduces the number of firms active in the local market, but induces a statistically significant and ...
    • Assessing the Productivity Consequences of Agri-Environmental Practices When Adoption Is Endogenous 

      Bostian, AJ A.; Bostian, Moriah B.; Laukkanen, Marita; Simola, Antti
      VATT Working Papers : 112 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 17.12.2018)
      We address the general problem of selection bias, endemic to analyzing the effects of any policy where adoption is voluntary, with empirical application to environmental policies for agriculture. Many voluntary practices ...
    • Short-run and long-run food import elasticities with persistent trading habits 

      Niemi, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 111 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 17.12.2018)
      This paper provides estimates and explores the role of own price import demand (Armington) elasticities between different source countries for five agricultural commodities in a framework that incorporates temporal dimension ...
    • Investment Incentives and Tax Competition under the Allowance for Growth and Investment (AGI) 

      Kari, Seppo; Laitila, Jussi; Ropponen, Olli
      VATT Working Papers : 110 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 24.10.2018)
      We employ a dynamic investment model to study the investment incentives of the Allowance for Growth and Investment (AGI) proposed by the European Commission in its two-step approach towards the Common Consolidated Corporate ...
    • Electoral Institutions and Intraparty Cohesion 

      Matakos, Konstantinos; Savolainen, Riikka; Troumpounis, Orestis; Tukiainen, Janne; Xefteris, Dimitrios
      VATT Working Papers : 109 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 12.07.2018)
      We study parties' optimal ideological cohesion across electoral rules, when the following trade-off is present: A more heterogenous set of candidates is electorally appealing (catch-all party), yet, it serves policy-related ...
    • Effectiveness of Private and Public High Schools: Evidence from Finland 

      Kortelainen, Mika; Manninen, Kalle
      VATT Working Papers : 108 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 16.05.2018)
      A number of papers have compared the effectiveness of private and public schools in different institutional settings. However, most of these studies are observational and do not utilize experimental or quasi-experimental ...