Selaus syöttöajan mukaan kokoelmasssa VATT Working Papers

    • Resource and Environmental Policies for the Mining Industry: What Should Governments Do About the Increasing Social and Environmental Risks? 

      Huhtala, Anni; Ropponen, Olli
      VATT Working Papers : 137 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 29.12.2020)
      Growing demand for materials required in the construction of renewable technologies and zeroemission infrastructure may signal significant changes for the minerals and metals market. These in turn might exacerbate the ...
    • Technology, Labour Market Institutions and Early Retirement: Evidence from Finland 

      Yashiro, Naomitsu; Kyyrä, Tomi; Hwang, Hyunjeong; Tuomala, Juha
      VATT Working Papers : 136 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 23.12.2020)
      There are two major barriers to increasing employment of older workers. First, older workers engaged in codifiable, routine tasks are particularly prone to the risk of being displaced by computers and robots. Second, several ...
    • Information Integration, Coordination Failures, and Quality of Prescribing 

      Böckerman, Petri; Laine, Liisa T.; Nurminen, Mikko; Saxell, Tanja
      VATT Working Papers : 135 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 26.10.2020)
      Poor information flows hamper coordination, potentially leading to suboptimal decisions in health care. We examine the effects of a nationwide policy of information integration on the quality of prescribing. We use the ...
    • Fat Tails due to Variable Renewables and Insufficient Flexibility 

      Huisman, Ronald; Kyritsis, Evangelos; Stet, Cristian
      VATT Working Papers : 134 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 10.06.2020)
      The large-scale integration of renewable energy sources requires flexibility from power markets in the sense that the latter should quickly counterbalance the renewable supply variation driven by weather conditions. Most ...
    • In Sickness and in Health: Job Displacement and Health. Spillovers in Couples 

      Gathmann, Christina; Huttunen, Kristiina; Jernström, Laura; Sääksvuori, Lauri; Stitzing, Robin
      VATT Working Papers : 133 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 09.06.2020)
      We study how a negative labor market shock like job loss generates health spillovers in couples. Using administrative data of all workers and firms matched to mortality and patient records, we document that male job ...
    • Discrete Labor Supply: Empirical Evidence and Implications 

      Kosonen, Tuomas; Matikka, Tuomas
      VATT Working Papers : 132 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 25.05.2020)
      We provide novel evidence of discrete labor supply responses to tax incentives and study the broader implications of discrete rather than continuous labor supply. We utilize an income notch and a reform that shifted the ...
    • Optimal Patent Policy for Pharmaceutical Industry 

      Izhak, Olena; Saxell, Tanja; Takalo, Tuomas
      VATT Working Papers : 131 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 20.05.2020)
      We show how characterizing optimal patent policy for the pharmaceutical industry only requires information about generic producers’ responses to changes in the effective duration and scope of new drug patents. To estimate ...
    • Physician Prices and Competition: Evidence from Acquisitions in the Private Health Care Sector 

      Saxell, Tanja; Nurminen, Mikko
      VATT Working Papers : 130 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 30.04.2020)
      We consider the effects of mergers and acquisitions for private physicians, who compete for patients on price. To estimate the effects, we use nationwide administrative data on private physicians and the organization of ...
    • The Effects of Corporate Taxes on Small Firms 

      Harju, Jarkko; Koivisto, Aliisa; Matikka, Tuomas
      VATT Working Papers : 129 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 06.03.2020)
      We study the impact of corporate taxes on firm-level investments, total output and input usage by exploiting a 4.5 percentage-point corporate tax rate cut in Finland in 2014. We use detailed administrative data and a ...
    • Mixing the Rich and Poor: The Impact of Peers on Education and Earnings 

      Einiö, Elias
      VATT Working Papers : 128 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.12.2019)
      This study exploits a large-scale natural experiment in Finnish conscription to study how exposure to peers from different family backgrounds affects education, earnings, employment, and hourly wage. Our research design ...
    • Does admission to elite engineering school make a difference? 

      Kuuppelomäki, Tiina; Kortelainen, Mika; Suhonen, Tuomo; Virtanen, Hanna
      VATT Working Papers : 127 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 31.10.2019)
      This paper explores the effects of university quality in STEM education by examining the consequences of admission to Finland’s most competitive engineering school for students' performance in their studies and the labor ...
    • The Relevance of Wholesale Electricity Market Places: The Nordic Case 

      Spodniak, Petr; Ollikka, Kimmo; Honkapuro, Samuli
      VATT Working Papers : 126 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 23.10.2019)
      Electricity wholesale markets are undergoing rapid transformation due to the increasing share of distributed and variable renewable energy sources (vRES) penetrating the market. The increasing shares of stochastic wind ...
    • The Long-Run Effects of Cesarean Sections 

      Costa-Ramón, Ana; Kortelainen, Mika; Rodríguez-González, Ana; Sääksvuori, Lauri
      VATT Working Papers : 125 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 17.10.2019)
      This paper analyzes the long-term effects of potentially avoidable C-sections on children's health. Using Finnish administrative data, we document that physicians perform more unplanned C-sections during their regular ...
    • Job Tasks and Gender Wage Gaps within Occupations 

      Bizopoulou, Aspasia
      VATT Working Papers : 124 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 09.10.2019)
      I provide evidence that task use at work by men and women in the same occupations is significantly different. The observed difference can account for the within-occupational gender-wage gap that is prevalent in many developed ...
    • Missing Miles: Evasion Responses to Car Taxes 

      Harju, Jarkko; Kosonen, Tuomas; Slemrod, Joel
      VATT Working Papers : 123 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
      We study a tax evasion response to car taxes in Finland, where used car importers overstate the mileage to reduce tax liability. First, we develop a tax evasion measure by comparing reported mileage upon import with ...
    • Tax Compliance in the Rental Housing Market: Evidence from a Field Experiment 

      Eerola, Essi; Kosonen, Tuomas; Kotakorpi, Kaisa; Lyytikäinen, Teemu; Tuimala, Jarno
      VATT Working Papers : 122 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
      We study rental income tax compliance using a large-scale randomized fild experiment and register data with third-party information on the ownership of apartments. We analyze the responses of potential landlords to treatment ...
    • Victorian Voting: The Origins of Party Orientation and Class Alignment 

      Dewan, Torun; Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 121 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 08 / 2019)
      Much of what we know about the alignment of voters with parties comes from mass surveys of the electorate in the postwar period or from aggregate electoral data. Using individual elector level panel data from 19th-century ...
    • Open or Closed? How List Type Affects Electoral Performance, Candidate Selection, and Campaign Effort 

      Hangartner, Dominik; Ruiz, Nelson A.; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 120 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 12.07.2019)
      What effect does using open (as opposed to closed) lists in proportional representation elections have on party performance and the quality of candidate selection? We provide novel evidence by studying local elections in ...
    • Does Mandating Social Insurance Affect Entrepreneurial Activity? 

      Benzarti, Youssef; Harju, Jarkko; Matikka, Tuomas
      VATT Working Papers : 119 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.06.2019)
      This paper estimates the effect of relaxing the social insurance mandate on entrepreneurial activity using rich administrative data from Finland. We find that relaxing the social insurance mandate leads entrepreneurs to ...
    • Anatomy of public procurement 

      Jääskeläinen, Jan; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 118 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 11.04.2019)
      We provide novel stylized facts about competition, bidding, entry and bidders across a wide spectrum of public procurement auctions using comprehensive and rich Finnish data. Competition for publicly procured contracts is ...