Uusimmat viitteet

  • Job Tasks and Gender Wage Gaps within Occupations 

    Bizopoulou, Aspasia
    VATT Working Papers : 124 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 09.10.2019)
    I provide evidence that task use at work by men and women in the same occupations is significantly different. The observed difference can account for the within-occupational gender-wage gap that is prevalent in many developed ...
  • Tax Compliance in the Rental Housing Market: Evidence from a Field Experiment 

    Eerola, Essi; Kosonen, Tuomas; Kotakorpi, Kaisa; Lyytikäinen, Teemu; Tuimala, Jarno
    VATT Working Papers : 122 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
    We study rental income tax compliance using a large-scale randomized fild experiment and register data with third-party information on the ownership of apartments. We analyze the responses of potential landlords to treatment ...
  • Missing Miles: Evasion Responses to Car Taxes 

    Harju, Jarkko; Kosonen, Tuomas; Slemrod, Joel
    VATT Working Papers : 123 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
    We study a tax evasion response to car taxes in Finland, where used car importers overstate the mileage to reduce tax liability. First, we develop a tax evasion measure by comparing reported mileage upon import with ...
  • Victorian Voting: The Origins of Party Orientation and Class Alignment 

    Dewan, Torun; Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 121 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 08 / 2019)
    Much of what we know about the alignment of voters with parties comes from mass surveys of the electorate in the postwar period or from aggregate electoral data. Using individual elector level panel data from 19th-century ...
  • Open or Closed? How List Type Affects Electoral Performance, Candidate Selection, and Campaign Effort 

    Hangartner, Dominik; Ruiz, Nelson A.; Tukiainen, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 120 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 12.07.2019)
    What effect does using open (as opposed to closed) lists in proportional representation elections have on party performance and the quality of candidate selection? We provide novel evidence by studying local elections in ...
  • Does Mandating Social Insurance Affect Entrepreneurial Activity? 

    Benzarti, Youssef; Harju, Jarkko; Matikka, Tuomas
    VATT Working Papers : 119 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.06.2019)
    This paper estimates the effect of relaxing the social insurance mandate on entrepreneurial activity using rich administrative data from Finland. We find that relaxing the social insurance mandate leads entrepreneurs to ...
  • Anatomy of public procurement 

    Jääskeläinen, Jan; Tukiainen, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 118 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 11.04.2019)
    We provide novel stylized facts about competition, bidding, entry and bidders across a wide spectrum of public procurement auctions using comprehensive and rich Finnish data. Competition for publicly procured contracts is ...
  • Digital Waste? Unintended Consequences of Health Information Technology 

    Böckerman, Petri; Kortelainen, Mika; Laine, Liisa T.; Nurminen, Mikko; Saxell, Tanja
    VATT Working Papers : 117 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 04.04.2019)
    We exploit a large-scale natural experiment - the rollout of a nationwide electronic prescribing system in Finland - to study how digitization of prescriptions affects pharmaceutical use and health outcomes. We use ...
  • Causality in Quantiles and Dynamic Relations in Energy Markets 

    Kyritsis, Evangelos; Andersson, Jonas
    VATT Working Papers : 116 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.03.2019)
    In this paper we investigate the dynamic relations between crude oil price returns and a set of energy price returns, namely diesel, gasoline, heating, and the natural gas. This is performed by means of Granger non-causality ...
  • Lost Boys: Access to Secondary Education and Crime 

    Huttunen, Kristiina; Pekkarinen, Tuomas; Uusitalo, Roope; Virtanen, Hanna
    VATT Working Papers : 114 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 31.12.2018)
    We study the effect of post-compulsory education on crime by exploiting a regression discontinuity design generated by admission cut-offs to upper secondary schools in Finland. We combine data on school applications with ...
  • Subsidy Bidding Wars and the Structure of Multi-Plant Firms 

    Lapointe, Simon; Morand, Pierre-Henri
    VATT Working Papers : 115 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 22.01.2019)
    Governments spend large amounts of money to attract firms to their territory, often resulting from bidding wars against other regions. Previous papers show that such bidding wars can improve social welfare by allocating ...
  • Public Procurement versus Laissez-Faire: Evidence from Household Waste Collection 

    Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 113 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 20.12.2018)
    We document that switching from laissez-faire production to public procurement in residential waste collection in Finland reduces the number of firms active in the local market, but induces a statistically significant and ...
  • Assessing the Productivity Consequences of Agri-Environmental Practices When Adoption Is Endogenous 

    Bostian, AJ A.; Bostian, Moriah B.; Laukkanen, Marita; Simola, Antti
    VATT Working Papers : 112 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 17.12.2018)
    We address the general problem of selection bias, endemic to analyzing the effects of any policy where adoption is voluntary, with empirical application to environmental policies for agriculture. Many voluntary practices ...
  • Short-run and long-run food import elasticities with persistent trading habits 

    Niemi, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 111 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 17.12.2018)
    This paper provides estimates and explores the role of own price import demand (Armington) elasticities between different source countries for five agricultural commodities in a framework that incorporates temporal dimension ...
  • Investment Incentives and Tax Competition under the Allowance for Growth and Investment (AGI) 

    Kari, Seppo; Laitila, Jussi; Ropponen, Olli
    VATT Working Papers : 110 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 24.10.2018)
    We employ a dynamic investment model to study the investment incentives of the Allowance for Growth and Investment (AGI) proposed by the European Commission in its two-step approach towards the Common Consolidated Corporate ...
  • Electoral Institutions and Intraparty Cohesion 

    Matakos, Konstantinos; Savolainen, Riikka; Troumpounis, Orestis; Tukiainen, Janne; Xefteris, Dimitrios
    VATT Working Papers : 109 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 12.07.2018)
    We study parties' optimal ideological cohesion across electoral rules, when the following trade-off is present: A more heterogenous set of candidates is electorally appealing (catch-all party), yet, it serves policy-related ...
  • Effectiveness of Private and Public High Schools: Evidence from Finland 

    Kortelainen, Mika; Manninen, Kalle
    VATT Working Papers : 108 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 16.05.2018)
    A number of papers have compared the effectiveness of private and public schools in different institutional settings. However, most of these studies are observational and do not utilize experimental or quasi-experimental ...
  • "Love Thy Neighbour"? The Effect of Income and Language Differences on Votes for Municipal Secessions 

    Lapointe, Simon
    VATT Working Papers : 107 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 16.04.2018)
    This paper studies voters' preferences on municipal borders in a setting with cohabiting linguistic communities. It takes advantage of unique data from referendum results in the Canadian province of Quebec in 2004, which ...
  • Effects of Municipal Mergers on Voter Turnout 

    Lapointe, Simon; Saarimaa, Tuukka; Tukiainen, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 106 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 28.03.2018)
    We study the effects of municipal mergers on voter turnout in a difference-in-differences framework, using data from a wave of municipal mergers in Finland in 2009. Analysing two pre-merger elections and three post-merger ...
  • Using a Kinked Policy Rule to Estimate the Effect of Experience Rating on Disability Inflow 

    Kyyrä, Tomi; Paukkeri, Tuuli
    VATT Working Papers : 105 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 23.03.2018)
    We study whether the experience rating of employers’ disability insurance premiums affects the inflow to disability benefits in Finland. To identify the causal effect of experience rating, we exploit “kinks” in the rule ...

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