VATT Working Papers

 

Uusimmat viitteet

  • Information Integration, Coordination Failures, and Quality of Prescribing 

    Böckerman, Petri; Laine, Liisa T.; Nurminen, Mikko; Saxell, Tanja
    VATT Working Papers : 135 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 26.10.2020)
    Poor information flows hamper coordination, potentially leading to suboptimal decisions in health care. We examine the effects of a nationwide policy of information integration on the quality of prescribing. We use the ...
  • Fat Tails due to Variable Renewables and Insufficient Flexibility 

    Huisman, Ronald; Kyritsis, Evangelos; Stet, Cristian
    VATT Working Papers : 134 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 10.06.2020)
    The large-scale integration of renewable energy sources requires flexibility from power markets in the sense that the latter should quickly counterbalance the renewable supply variation driven by weather conditions. Most ...
  • In Sickness and in Health: Job Displacement and Health. Spillovers in Couples 

    Gathmann, Christina; Huttunen, Kristiina; Jernström, Laura; Sääksvuori, Lauri; Stitzing, Robin
    VATT Working Papers : 133 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 09.06.2020)
    We study how a negative labor market shock like job loss generates health spillovers in couples. Using administrative data of all workers and firms matched to mortality and patient records, we document that male job ...
  • Discrete Labor Supply: Empirical Evidence and Implications 

    Kosonen, Tuomas; Matikka, Tuomas
    VATT Working Papers : 132 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 25.05.2020)
    We provide novel evidence of discrete labor supply responses to tax incentives and study the broader implications of discrete rather than continuous labor supply. We utilize an income notch and a reform that shifted the ...
  • Optimal Patent Policy for Pharmaceutical Industry 

    Izhak, Olena; Saxell, Tanja; Takalo, Tuomas
    VATT Working Papers : 131 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 20.05.2020)
    We show how characterizing optimal patent policy for the pharmaceutical industry only requires information about generic producers’ responses to changes in the effective duration and scope of new drug patents. To estimate ...
  • Physician Prices and Competition: Evidence from Acquisitions in the Private Health Care Sector 

    Saxell, Tanja; Nurminen, Mikko
    VATT Working Papers : 130 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 30.04.2020)
    We consider the effects of mergers and acquisitions for private physicians, who compete for patients on price. To estimate the effects, we use nationwide administrative data on private physicians and the organization of ...
  • The Effects of Corporate Taxes on Small Firms 

    Harju, Jarkko; Koivisto, Aliisa; Matikka, Tuomas
    VATT Working Papers : 129 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 06.03.2020)
    We study the impact of corporate taxes on firm-level investments, total output and input usage by exploiting a 4.5 percentage-point corporate tax rate cut in Finland in 2014. We use detailed administrative data and a ...
  • Mixing the Rich and Poor: The Impact of Peers on Education and Earnings 

    Einiö, Elias
    VATT Working Papers : 128 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.12.2019)
    This study exploits a large-scale natural experiment in Finnish conscription to study how exposure to peers from different family backgrounds affects education, earnings, employment, and hourly wage. Our research design ...
  • Does admission to elite engineering school make a difference? 

    Kuuppelomäki, Tiina; Kortelainen, Mika; Suhonen, Tuomo; Virtanen, Hanna
    VATT Working Papers : 127 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 31.10.2019)
    This paper explores the effects of university quality in STEM education by examining the consequences of admission to Finland’s most competitive engineering school for students' performance in their studies and the labor ...
  • The Relevance of Wholesale Electricity Market Places: The Nordic Case 

    Spodniak, Petr; Ollikka, Kimmo; Honkapuro, Samuli
    VATT Working Papers : 126 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 23.10.2019)
    Electricity wholesale markets are undergoing rapid transformation due to the increasing share of distributed and variable renewable energy sources (vRES) penetrating the market. The increasing shares of stochastic wind ...
  • The Long-Run Effects of Cesarean Sections 

    Costa-Ramón, Ana; Kortelainen, Mika; Rodríguez-González, Ana; Sääksvuori, Lauri
    VATT Working Papers : 125 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 17.10.2019)
    This paper analyzes the long-term effects of potentially avoidable C-sections on children's health. Using Finnish administrative data, we document that physicians perform more unplanned C-sections during their regular ...
  • Job Tasks and Gender Wage Gaps within Occupations 

    Bizopoulou, Aspasia
    VATT Working Papers : 124 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 09.10.2019)
    I provide evidence that task use at work by men and women in the same occupations is significantly different. The observed difference can account for the within-occupational gender-wage gap that is prevalent in many developed ...
  • Tax Compliance in the Rental Housing Market: Evidence from a Field Experiment 

    Eerola, Essi; Kosonen, Tuomas; Kotakorpi, Kaisa; Lyytikäinen, Teemu; Tuimala, Jarno
    VATT Working Papers : 122 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
    We study rental income tax compliance using a large-scale randomized fild experiment and register data with third-party information on the ownership of apartments. We analyze the responses of potential landlords to treatment ...
  • Missing Miles: Evasion Responses to Car Taxes 

    Harju, Jarkko; Kosonen, Tuomas; Slemrod, Joel
    VATT Working Papers : 123 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
    We study a tax evasion response to car taxes in Finland, where used car importers overstate the mileage to reduce tax liability. First, we develop a tax evasion measure by comparing reported mileage upon import with ...
  • Victorian Voting: The Origins of Party Orientation and Class Alignment 

    Dewan, Torun; Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 121 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 08 / 2019)
    Much of what we know about the alignment of voters with parties comes from mass surveys of the electorate in the postwar period or from aggregate electoral data. Using individual elector level panel data from 19th-century ...
  • Open or Closed? How List Type Affects Electoral Performance, Candidate Selection, and Campaign Effort 

    Hangartner, Dominik; Ruiz, Nelson A.; Tukiainen, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 120 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 12.07.2019)
    What effect does using open (as opposed to closed) lists in proportional representation elections have on party performance and the quality of candidate selection? We provide novel evidence by studying local elections in ...
  • Does Mandating Social Insurance Affect Entrepreneurial Activity? 

    Benzarti, Youssef; Harju, Jarkko; Matikka, Tuomas
    VATT Working Papers : 119 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.06.2019)
    This paper estimates the effect of relaxing the social insurance mandate on entrepreneurial activity using rich administrative data from Finland. We find that relaxing the social insurance mandate leads entrepreneurs to ...
  • Anatomy of public procurement 

    Jääskeläinen, Jan; Tukiainen, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 118 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 11.04.2019)
    We provide novel stylized facts about competition, bidding, entry and bidders across a wide spectrum of public procurement auctions using comprehensive and rich Finnish data. Competition for publicly procured contracts is ...
  • Digital Waste? Unintended Consequences of Health Information Technology 

    Böckerman, Petri; Kortelainen, Mika; Laine, Liisa T.; Nurminen, Mikko; Saxell, Tanja
    VATT Working Papers : 117 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 04.04.2019)
    We exploit a large-scale natural experiment - the rollout of a nationwide electronic prescribing system in Finland - to study how digitization of prescriptions affects pharmaceutical use and health outcomes. We use ...
  • Causality in Quantiles and Dynamic Relations in Energy Markets 

    Kyritsis, Evangelos; Andersson, Jonas
    VATT Working Papers : 116 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.03.2019)
    In this paper we investigate the dynamic relations between crude oil price returns and a set of energy price returns, namely diesel, gasoline, heating, and the natural gas. This is performed by means of Granger non-causality ...

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