• Are Voters Rational? 

      Lyytikäinen, Teemu; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 50 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 27.09.2013)
      We test whether voters are rational in the sense that their decision to cast a vote depends on its expected impact on the election outcomes. We provide causal evidence on this rational voting hypothesis by using exogenous ...
    • Public Employees as Politicians: Evidence from Close Elections 

      Hyytinen, Ari; Meriläinen, Jaakko; Saarimaa, Tuukka; Toivanen, Otto; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 78 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 27.09.2016)
      We analyze the effect of municipal employees' political representation in municipal councils on local public spending. To quantify the effect, we use within-party, as-good-as random variation in close elections in the ...