• Best Education Money Can Buy? Capitalization of School Quality in Finland 

      Saarimaa, Tuukka; Harjunen, Oskari; Kortelainen, Mika
      VATT Working Papers : 58 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 05.12.2014)
      By international comparison, Finnish pupil achievement is high and school achievement differences small. The Finnish education system is unusual also because there are no national testing programs and information on school ...
    • Does Regression Discontinuity Design Work? Evidence from Random Election Outcomes 

      Hyytinen, Ari; Meriläinen, Jaakko; Saarimaa, Tuukka; Toivanen, Otto; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 59 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 21.09.2015)
      We use elections data in which a large number of ties in vote counts between candidates are resolved via lottery. We benchmark non-experimental RDD estimates of personal incumbency advantage against the estimate produced ...
    • Industry Wage Differentials in Finland, 1989 

      Tossavainen, Pekka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 68 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
    • The labour market impacts of a youth guarantee: lessons for Europe? 

      Tuomala, Juha; Hämäläinen, Kari; Hämäläinen, Ulla
      VATT Working Papers : 60 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 18.12.2014)
      This paper examines the youth guarantee programme introduced in Finland 2005. The reform consisted of early intervention, monitoring and individualized job search plans that guarantee activation measures for unemployed ...
    • Local Representation and Strategic Voting: Evidence from Electoral Boundary Reforms 

      Tukiainen, Janne; Saarimaa, Tuukka
      VATT Working Papers : 64 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 11.09.2015)
      We analyze whether voters value local political representation by exploiting municipal mergers, which increase the number of candidates available to voters and intensify political competition. In the Finnish open-list ...
    • A Note on the Robustness of Card and Krueger (1994) and Neumark and Wascher (2000) 

      Ropponen, Olli
      VATT Working Papers : 25 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.06.2011)
      This note adds to the discussion originating from David Card and Alan B. Krueger (1994; CK) and David Neumark and William Wascher (2000; NW). It re-evaluates their results by using the semiparametric difference-in-differences ...
    • Primary Effect in Open-List Elections 

      Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 79 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.09.2016)
      We study how political parties select political leaders. Using regression discontinuity design and data from Finnish local elections, we find that parties use vote ranks to decide upon promotions. Moreover, we show that ...
    • Reconciling the evidence of Card and Krueger (1994) and Neumark and Wascher (2000) 

      Ropponen, Olli
      VATT Working Papers : 24 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 29.04.2011)
      We employ the original Card and Krueger (1994) and Neumark and Wascher (2000) data together with the changes-in-changes (CIC) estimator to re-examine the evidence of the effect of minimum wages on employment. Our study ...