• Best Education Money Can Buy? Capitalization of School Quality in Finland 

      Harjunen, Oskari; Kortelainen, Mika; Saarimaa, Tuukka
      CESifo Economic Studies : 2 (Oxford University Press, 2018)
      By international comparison, Finnish pupil achievement is high and school achievement differences small. The Finnish education system is unusual also because there are no national testing programmes, and information on ...
    • Electoral Institutions and Intraparty Cohesion 

      Matakos, Konstantinos; Savolainen, Riikka; Troumpounis, Orestis; Tukiainen, Janne; Xefteris, Dimitrios
      VATT Working Papers : 109 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 12.07.2018)
      We study parties' optimal ideological cohesion across electoral rules, when the following trade-off is present: A more heterogenous set of candidates is electorally appealing (catch-all party), yet, it serves policy-related ...
    • Gender Specific Relative Age Effects in Politics and Football 

      Tukiainen, Janne; Takalo, Tuomas; Hulkkonen, Topi
      VATT Working Papers : 94 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 05.09.2017)
      The existence of a relative age effect (RAE) is well documented, i.e., those born early in the calendar year perform better at school and sports. We exploit a change in a selection period in youth football and regression ...
    • Government payments, market profits and structural change in agriculture - A replicator dynamics approach 

      Simola, Antti
      Journal of Evolutionary Economics : 4 (Springer Verlag, 2018)
      I analyze the interaction of two institutions, markets and public policies, and their effect on structural change in agriculture. More specifically, I consider how subsidies affect functioning of input and output markets, ...
    • Local representation and strategic voting: Evidence from electoral boundary reforms 

      Saarimaa, Tuukka; Tukiainen, Janne
      European Journal of Political Economy (Elsevier, 2016)
      We analyze whether voters value local political representation by exploiting municipal mergers, which increase the number of candidates available to voters and intensify political competition. In the Finnish open-list ...
    • Rank effects in political promotions 

      Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
      Public Choice : 1-2 (Springer Verlag, 2018)
      This paper studies the effect of candidates’ personal vote ranks on promotions to political power in an open list proportional representation system. Using a regression discontinuity design and data from Finnish local ...
    • Relative age effects in political selection 

      Tukiainen, Janne; Takalo, Tuomas; Hulkkonen, Topi
      European Journal of Political Economy (Elsevier, 2018)
      We exploit a regression discontinuity design to provide causal evidence of the relative age effect (RAE) on a long-run adult age outcome: Political selection. We find strong evidence of the RAE in politics in Finland. ...
    • When does Regression Discontinuity Design Work? Evidence from Random Election Outcomes 

      Hyytinen, Ari; Meriläinen, Jaakko; Saarimaa, Tuukka; Toivanen, Otto; Tukiainen, Janne
      Quantitative Economics : 2 (Econometric Society, 2017)
      We use elections data in which a large number of ties in vote counts between candidates are resolved via a lottery to study the personal incumbency advantage. We benchmark non-experimental RDD estimates against the estimate ...