Selaus syöttöajan mukaan kokoelmasssa Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT

    • Victorian Voting: The Origins of Party Orientation and Class Alignment 

      Dewan, Torun; Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
      American Journal of Political Science : Forthcoming (Wiley, 2019)
      Much of what we know about the alignment of voters with parties comes from mass surveys of the electorate in the postwar period or from aggregate electoral data. Using individual elector‐level panel data from nineteenth‐century ...
    • Assessing the productivity consequences of agri-environmental practices when adoption is endogenous 

      Bostian, AJ A.; Bostian, Moriah B.; Laukkanen, Marita; Simola, Antti
      Journal of Productivity Analysis (Springer Verlag, 2020)
      We address the general problem of selection bias, an issue endemic to policy analysis when adoption is voluntary, with an empirical application to environmental policies for agriculture. Many voluntary practices for ...
    • Mixing the Rich and Poor: The Impact of Peers on Education and Earnings 

      Einiö, Elias
      VATT Working Papers : 128 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.12.2019)
      This study exploits a large-scale natural experiment in Finnish conscription to study how exposure to peers from different family backgrounds affects education, earnings, employment, and hourly wage. Our research design ...
    • Long-term effects of extended unemployment benefits for older workers 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Pesola, Hanna
      Labour Economics : Available online (Elsevier, 2020)
      This paper examines the long-term effects of extended unemployment benefits that older unemployed can receive until retirement in Finland. We consider a reform that increased the age threshold of this scheme from 55 to 57. ...
    • Macroprudential Measures and Taxation in the Housing Markets 

      Eerola, Essi
      EconPol Policy Brief : 17/2019 (ifo Institute, 04 / 2019)
      The recent financial crisis and subsequent global recession have been followed by a wave of macroprudential measures in the housing market. At the same time, governments have a long tradition of conducting tax policies ...
    • Energiantuotannon valmisteverotuksen kehittäminen Suomessa: Vero-ohjauksen arviointia hiilineutraalisuustavoitteen näkökulmasta 

      Koljonen, Tiina; Laukkanen, Marita; Ollikainen, Markku; Lehtilä, Antti; Eerola, Essi; Koreneff, Göran; Kyritsis, Evangelos; Lindroos, Tomi J.; Ollikka, Kimmo; Pursiheimo, Esa; Rämä, Miika; Siikavirta, Hanne
      VTT Technology : 359 (VTT, 10 / 2019)
      Energiantuotannon valmisteverotuksen kehittäminen Suomessa -selvityksen tavoitteena oli arvioida, miten energiaverotusta, päästökauppaa ja muita ilmastopolitiikan ohjauskeinoja yhteen sovittamalla tuetaan Suomen siirtymistä ...
    • Housing Allowance and Rents: Evidence from a Stepwise Subsidy Scheme 

      Eerola, Essi; Lyytikäinen, Teemu
      The Scandinavian Journal of Economics : Forthcoming (Wiley, 2019)
      This paper studies the effect of housing demand subsidies on rents using discontinuities in the Finnish housing allowance system as a quasi‐experimental setting. The stepwise dependence of housing allowance on the floor ...
    • Does Mandating Social Insurance Affect Entrepreneurial Activity? 

      Benzarti, Youssef; Harju, Jarkko; Matikka, Tuomas
      American Economic Review: Insights : Forthcoming (American Economic Association, 2019)
      This paper estimates the effect of relaxing the social insurance mandate on entrepreneurial activity using rich administrative data from Finland. We find that relaxing the social insurance mandate leads entrepreneurs to ...
    • How to Leave the Eurozone: The Case of Finland 

      Malinen, Tuomas; Nyberg, Peter; Koskenkylä, Heikki; Berghäll, Elina; Mellin, Ilkka; Miettinen, Sami; Ala-Peijari, Jukka; Törnqvist, Stefan
      The Economists' Voice : 1 (De Gruyter, 2018)
      This article provides thoughts and guidelines on how a country could exit from the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and its currency the euro. We take the hypothetical exit of Finland as a concrete example. Although there ...
    • Aktiivimallin vaikutukset työttömiin ja TE-toimistojen toimintaan 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Naumanen, Päivi; Pesola, Hanna; Uusitalo, Roope; Ylikännö, Minna
      VATT Tutkimukset : 189 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 01.11.2019)
      Raportissa arvioidaan vuoden 2018 alussa käyttöönotetun aktiivimallin vaikutuksia. Mallin tavoitteena oli lisätä työllisyyttä kannustamalla työttömiä aktiivisuuteen ja omatoimisuuteen työnhaussa koko työttömyysjakson ajan. ...
    • Does admission to elite engineering school make a difference? 

      Kuuppelomäki, Tiina; Kortelainen, Mika; Suhonen, Tuomo; Virtanen, Hanna
      VATT Working Papers : 127 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 31.10.2019)
      This paper explores the effects of university quality in STEM education by examining the consequences of admission to Finland’s most competitive engineering school for students' performance in their studies and the labor ...
    • The Relevance of Wholesale Electricity Market Places: The Nordic Case 

      Spodniak, Petr; Ollikka, Kimmo; Honkapuro, Samuli
      VATT Working Papers : 126 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 23.10.2019)
      Electricity wholesale markets are undergoing rapid transformation due to the increasing share of distributed and variable renewable energy sources (vRES) penetrating the market. The increasing shares of stochastic wind ...
    • The Long-Run Effects of Cesarean Sections 

      Costa-Ramón, Ana; Kortelainen, Mika; Rodríguez-González, Ana; Sääksvuori, Lauri
      VATT Working Papers : 125 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 17.10.2019)
      This paper analyzes the long-term effects of potentially avoidable C-sections on children's health. Using Finnish administrative data, we document that physicians perform more unplanned C-sections during their regular ...
    • Effects of Housing Transfer Taxes on Household Mobility 

      Eerola, Essi; Harjunen, Oskari; Lyytikäinen, Teemu; Saarimaa, Tuukka
      CESifo Working Papers : 7750/2019 (Munich Society for the Promotion of Economic Research - CESifo GmbH, 26.07.2019)
      Housing transfer taxes are fiscally important in many countries despite evidence of substantial welfare losses found in several quasi-experimental studies. Research designs used in this prior literature are prone to ...
    • Asuinalueiden segregaatio ja naapurustovaikutukset 

      Eerola, Essi; Saarimaa, Tuukka
      Kansantaloudellinen aikakauskirja : 2/2019 (Taloustieteellinen yhdistys, 17.06.2019)
      Kirjoituksessa esitellään segregaation syntymekanismeja. Jos asuinalueet ovat laadultaan ja saavutettavuudeltaan erilaisia, ne eriytyvät asukkaiden tulotason mukaan. Tämä tarkoittaa, että satunnaisesti poimitun kotitalouden ...
    • Asumisen tukeminen ja kaupungistuminen 

      Eerola, Essi
      Kansantaloudellinen aikakauskirja : 2/2019 (Taloustieteellinen yhdistys, 17.06.2019)
      Asumisen tukiin on tehty viime vuosina paljon muutoksia. Yleistä asumistukea uudistettiin merkittävästi vuoden 2015 alussa, kun pinta-alanormeihin ja neliövuokranormeihin perustuvasta monimutkaisesta järjestelmästä siirryttiin ...
    • Job Tasks and Gender Wage Gaps within Occupations 

      Bizopoulou, Aspasia
      VATT Working Papers : 124 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 09.10.2019)
      I provide evidence that task use at work by men and women in the same occupations is significantly different. The observed difference can account for the within-occupational gender-wage gap that is prevalent in many developed ...
    • Missing Miles: Evasion Responses to Car Taxes 

      Harju, Jarkko; Kosonen, Tuomas; Slemrod, Joel
      VATT Working Papers : 123 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
      We study a tax evasion response to car taxes in Finland, where used car importers overstate the mileage to reduce tax liability. First, we develop a tax evasion measure by comparing reported mileage upon import with ...
    • Tax Compliance in the Rental Housing Market: Evidence from a Field Experiment 

      Eerola, Essi; Kosonen, Tuomas; Kotakorpi, Kaisa; Lyytikäinen, Teemu; Tuimala, Jarno
      VATT Working Papers : 122 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 03.10.2019)
      We study rental income tax compliance using a large-scale randomized fild experiment and register data with third-party information on the ownership of apartments. We analyze the responses of potential landlords to treatment ...
    • Victorian Voting: The Origins of Party Orientation and Class Alignment 

      Dewan, Torun; Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 121 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 08 / 2019)
      Much of what we know about the alignment of voters with parties comes from mass surveys of the electorate in the postwar period or from aggregate electoral data. Using individual elector level panel data from 19th-century ...