Selaus nimekkeen mukaan kokoelmassa Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT

    • Capital Income Taxation and Tax Criteria in International Capital Markets 

      Piekkola, Hannu
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 30 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      The study analyses the capital income taxation of foreign-source income, where residence and source criteria are the two well-known tax criteria. The study presents a globally optimal tax rule which equalizes the shadow ...
    • Causality in Quantiles and Dynamic Relations in Energy Markets 

      Kyritsis, Evangelos; Andersson, Jonas
      VATT Working Papers : 116 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.03.2019)
      In this paper we investigate the dynamic relations between crude oil price returns and a set of energy price returns, namely diesel, gasoline, heating, and the natural gas. This is performed by means of Granger non-causality ...
    • Causality in quantiles and dynamic relations in energy markets: (De)tails matter 

      Kyritsis, Evangelos; Andersson, Jonas
      Energy Policy (Elsevier, 2019)
      In this article we investigate the dynamic relations between crude oil price returns and a set of energy price returns, namely diesel, gasoline, heating, and the natural gas. This is performed by means of Granger non-causality ...
    • Changes in job stability - evidence from lifetime job histories 

      Uusitalo, Roope; Rokkanen, Miikka
      VATT Working Papers : 14 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 18.02.2010)
      We use lifetime job histories from the pension records to evaluate changes in job stability in Finland between 1963 and 2004. We specify a duration model and estimate the effects of elapsed duration, age, and calendar time ...
    • Changes in the Distribution of Economic Wellbeing in Finland 

      Mattila-Wiro, Päivi
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 128 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 19.12.2006)
      This research study consists of four self-contained essays on 1. intra-household inequality, 2. the value of household production and consumption possibilities, 3. the income inequality effects of A Finnish Work Incentive ...
    • The changing role of international investment in the mining sector - the case of Bolivia 

      Oroza, Gonzalo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 3 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1991)
    • Circular economy: a commentary from the perspectives of the natural and social sciences 

      Huhtala, Anni; EASAC, Working Group
      EASAC Commentary (European Academies Science Advisory Council, 02.11.2015)
      n May 2015, the European Academies’ Science Advisory Council (EASAC) started a review of issues related to the ‘circular economy’. The circular economy involves many aspects of science, technology and social science but ...
    • The CIS Mining Industry in a Transition Period with Special Reference to Finnish Mining Prospects 

      Oroza, Gonzalo
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 24 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
      The structural changes of the CIS mining industry have far-reaching consequences not only for the national economies of the member states but for the entire international metal market. Political instability and absence of ...
    • Classical Corporation Tax as a Global Means of Tax Harmonization 

      Kari, Seppo; Ylä-Liedenpohja, Jouko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 266 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 19.02.2002)
      Classical corporation tax entails double taxation of corporate income. The alternative practice of imputing corporation tax to the domestic recipients of dividends is shown, in the case of a company with international ...
    • Coalition formation and political decision making: Evidence from Finnish municipal mergers 

      Saarimaa, Tuukka; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 19 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 20.12.2010)
      This paper analyzes empirically the coalition formation of local governments. We introduce a novel econometric strategy involving choice based sampling from a spatial network to allow for multi-partner mergers in our ...
    • Cognitive consequences of the timing of puberty 

      Koerselman, Kristian; Pekkarinen, Tuomas
      Labour Economics (Elsevier, 2018)
      In this paper, we use British cohort data to study the degree to which children at different stages of pubertal development at age 11 and 16 differ in their cognitive and behavioral outcomes at age 16 as well as in their ...
    • Combatting debt bias in South African firms: The case for an allowance for corporate equity 

      Kari, Seppo; Khoza, Londiwe; Manjezi, Nangamso; McNabb, Kyle
      WIDER Working Paper : 2019/10 (UNU-WIDER, 03 / 2019)
      The problem of debt bias can be tackled through either disincentivizing the use of debt financing or incentivizing the use of equity financing. Considering the South African context—in which many firms are highly leveraged ...
    • Combinations of policy instruments to decrease the climate impacts of housing, passenger transport and food in Finland 

      Nissinen, Ari; Heiskanen, Eva; Perrels, Adriaan; Berghäll, Elina; Liesimaa, Virpi; Mattinen, Maija K.
      Journal of Cleaner Production (Elsevier, 2015)
      Policy instruments and measures already target the global warming impacts of housing and transport in many countries, although many of those instruments were not originally developed for the purpose. However, the challenge ...
    • Combining quantitative and qualitative research methods to foresee the changes in the Finnish agri-food sector 

      Huan-Niemi, Ellen; Rikkonen, Pasi; Niemi, Jyrki; Wuori, Olli; Niemi, Janne
      Futures (Elsevier, 2016)
      This paper focuses on the benefit of using two different research methods interactively, namely the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) model and Delphi method. This is relevant in the current discussion in futures studies ...
    • Common or own goals: Reforming the financing of the European Union 

      Kari, Seppo; Määttänen, Niku; Ropponen, Olli; Tamminen, Saara; Valkonen, Tarmo
      Valtioneuvoston selvitys- ja tutkimustoiminnan julkaisusarjaPublications of the Government's analysis, assessment and research activities : 29/2018 (Valtioneuvoston kansliaPrime Minister's Office, 03.04.2018)
      This study evaluates the Monti report and the suggested new own resources from the point of the view of optimal taxation and fiscal federalism. Monti report emphasizes the objectives of EU and vaguely described European ...
    • Common pool problems in voluntary municipal mergers 

      Saarimaa, Tuukka; Tukiainen, Janne
      European Journal of Political Economy (Elsevier, 2015)
      We analyze free-riding behavior of Finnish municipalities prior to voluntary municipal mergers. The merger process creates a temporary common pool problem, because of a delay from the initial decision to the actual merger ...
    • Common Pool Problems in Voluntary Municipal Mergers 

      Saarimaa, Tuukka; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 53 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 27.12.2013)
      We analyze free-riding behavior by Finnish municipalities prior to municipal mergers. The merger process creates a temporary common pool problem, which arises because of a delay from the initial merger decision to the ...
    • Company heterogeneity and mark-up variability 

      Tamminen, Saara; Chang, Han-Hsin
      VATT Working Papers : 32 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 03.07.2012)
      Mark-ups are often assumed to be constant for all firms within a sector in theoretical models. This paper reflects empirically on the distributions of companies mark-ups in order to test this assumption. We use exhaustive, ...
    • Comparative Analysis on the Job-Broking Market in Japan and Finland 

      Räisänen, Heikki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 370 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 30.11.2005)
      This study compares the job-broking market of Japan and Finland. The study is based on statistical and literature analysis and interviews at the Public Employment Service. The Japanese labour market can be divided into a ...
    • Competing risks for vacancy durations and endogenous common dependence 

      Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 107 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      The paper presents a discussion how firms rationally adjust the level of their recruitment effort in relation to the ease of filling the vacancy through public unemployment offices. This induces dependence between the ...