Pregnancy and periodontium. A clinical, microbiological, and enzymological approach via a longitudinal study

Doria

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dc.contributor.author Gürsoy, Mervi
dc.date.accessioned 2012-12-01T19:59:42Z
dc.date.available 2012-12-01T19:59:42Z
dc.date.issued 2012-12-07
dc.identifier ISBN 978-951-29-5241-0 -
dc.identifier.uri http://www.doria.fi/handle/10024/86313
dc.description.abstract The mechanisms leading to an enhanced susceptibility to gingivitis in pregnant women have not yet been completely described. Therefore, the current study series were performed to investigate longitudinally the influence of pregnancy on periodontal tissues, and to evaluate microbial and host response factors related to pregnancy gingivitis formation. Pregnancy-related periodontal changes were analysed in 30 generally healthy women (24- 35 years old) once per trimester, till the end of lactation. Matched non-pregnant women (n=24) served as the controls, and were examined three times, once per following month. Pregnancy-related gingival inflammation was observed as enhanced tendency towards gingival bleeding and pseudopocket formation with a concomitant decrease in plaque levels. Gingivitis reached its peak during mid-pregnancy and then decreased transiently visit by visit. After lactation, no differences in periodontal status were seen between the study and control populations. In contrast to previous studies reporting increased levels of Prevotella intermedia, a specific aim was to analyse phenotypically two identical species, P. intermedia and Prevotella nigrescens, separately using a 16S ribosomal DNA-based PCR. As a result, the increased levels of P. nigrescens were related to pregnancy gingivitis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in periodontal destruction. However, their role in pregnancy gingivitis is not well studied. Therefore, neutrophilic enzymes and proteinases, such as MMP and myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels were analysed from saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples during the follow-up. Despite increased inflammation and microbial shift towards anaerobes, the host response did not activate the MMP, elastase and MPO secretion during pregnancy. These results demonstrate that during pregnancy gingival inflammation is enhanced especially during the second trimester, when P. nigrescens levels in subgingival plaque were increased, whereas the neutrophilic enzymes and proteinase levels in both saliva and GCF remained low. These findings could explain, at least in part, why pregnancy gingivitis itself does not predispose or proceed to periodontitis. -
dc.language.iso en -
dc.publisher Annales Universitatis Turkuensis D 1047 -
dc.title Pregnancy and periodontium. A clinical, microbiological, and enzymological approach via a longitudinal study -
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral thesis (article-based)
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-951-29-5241-0

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