• Acceptability of Urban Transport Pricing 

      Schade, Jens; Schlag, Bernhard
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 72 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2000)
      Several studies all over the world have considered transport pricing measures as promising attempts to solve urgent traffic problems in urban areas. An important precondition for the successful implementation of pricing ...
    • The Actors and the Financial Affairs of the Northern Dimension 

      Ruotoistenmäki, Riikka; Babykina, Evgenia
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 86 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.05.2002)
      This research describes the role of International Financial Institutions and the Financial Framework of the European Union in development of the Northern Dimension countries. It also describes the region as an operational ...
    • Assessment of the Macro-Economic Effects of Domestic Climate Policies for Finland 

      Kemppi, Heikki; Perrels, Adriaan; Lehtilä, Antti
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 82 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 11.12.2001)
      This is the final report on macro-economic cost assessment of a domestic climate policy programme for Finland. The core assessment work was done with an energy systems model (EFOM) soft linked with a macro-economic model ...
    • Business Subsidies and Bureaucratic Behaviour 

      Venetoklis, Takis
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 79 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 20.06.2001)
      The study attempts to apply William Niskanen's (1971) theory of budget maximising bureaucrats to the business subsidies policy implemented in Finland, by one of the major distributor of subsidies to firms, the ministry of ...
    • Business Subsidies and Bureaucratic Behaviour - A Revised Approach 

      Venetoklis, Takis
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 83 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 27.11.2001)
      This dissertation is a collection of three studies whose central theme is the business subsidies policy implemented in Finland during the 1990s by the ministry of Trade and Industry (KTM). The purpose is to examine whether ...
    • Capital Income Taxation and Tax Criteria in International Capital Markets 

      Piekkola, Hannu
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 30 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      The study analyses the capital income taxation of foreign-source income, where residence and source criteria are the two well-known tax criteria. The study presents a globally optimal tax rule which equalizes the shadow ...
    • Changes in the Distribution of Economic Wellbeing in Finland 

      Mattila-Wiro, Päivi
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 128 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 19.12.2006)
      This research study consists of four self-contained essays on 1. intra-household inequality, 2. the value of household production and consumption possibilities, 3. the income inequality effects of A Finnish Work Incentive ...
    • The CIS Mining Industry in a Transition Period with Special Reference to Finnish Mining Prospects 

      Oroza, Gonzalo
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 24 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1994)
      The structural changes of the CIS mining industry have far-reaching consequences not only for the national economies of the member states but for the entire international metal market. Political instability and absence of ...
    • Competition and Innovation - Microeconometric Evidence using Finnish Data 

      Kilponen, Juha; Santavirta, Torsten
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 113 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 15.11.2004)
      The relationship between product market competition (PMC) and innovative activity has attracted the attention of many economists lately. In this study we elaborate the theory of Aghion et al. (1997, 2001) of an inverted-U ...
    • Differential Effects of Active Labour Market Programmes in the Early Stages of Young People's Unemployment 

      Hämäläinen, Kari; Ollikainen, Virve
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 115 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2004)
      This study evaluates the long-run effects of Finnish active labour market programmes in youth labour markets. The effectiveness of programmes is measured by a number of outcomes, including employment, unemployment, programme ...
    • The Distribution and Redistribution of Income in Finland 1990-1993 

      Lehtinen, Teemu
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 43 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
    • Dynamic Behaviour of the Firm Under Dual Income Taxation 

      Kari, Seppo
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 51 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1999)
      This study examines certain incentive aspects of the dual income tax system (DIT) operated in the four major Nordic countries since the beginning of the 1990s. In this tax system capital income is taxed at a flat rate, ...
    • Eastern Enlargement of the European Union - Transition in applicant countries and evaluation of the economic prospects with a dynamic CGE-model 

      Vaittinen, Risto
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 64 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 20.06.2000)
      In this study the economic implications of eastward enlargement are analyzed using a multi-regional, dynamic general equilibrium model. EU's eastern enlargement is, in one respect, conventional regional integration where ...
    • Economic and Equity Effects of Marginal Cost Pricing in Transport 

      Fridstrøm, Lasse; Minken, Harald; Moilanen, Paavo; Shepherd, Simon; Vold, Arild
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 71 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2000)
      Marginal cost transport pricing - if implemented in European cities - may give rise to substantial welfare benefits for the urban populations. Depending on the local conditions and on the policy instruments used, annual ...
    • Economic Incentives and Labour Market Transitions of the Aged Finnish Workforce 

      Hakola, Tuulia
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 89 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 20.06.2002)
      This PhD thesis is a collection of studies on retirement in Finland. The main purpose is to assess labour market transitions of the aged and focus on the e.ect of the economic incentives. All of the studies are empirical ...
    • The Effectiveness of Differentiation of the Finnish Car Purchase Tax according to Carbon Dioxide Emission Performance 

      Perrels, Adriaan; Tuovinen, Tarja
      VATT Research Reports : 168 (VATT Institute for Economic Research, 06.03.2012)
      The study concerns an assessment of the effectiveness of car purchase tax differentiation according to the CO2-emission performance of newly sold cars as implemented in Finland. This policy instrument came into force as ...
    • The effects of energy taxes on energy consumption in Finland between 1995 and 2004 - An historical analysis using the VATTAGE-model 

      Honkatukia, Juha; Marttila, Kimmo
      VATT Research Reports : 162 (VATT Institute for Economic Research, 31.01.2011)
      This study evaluates the effects of changes in energy taxes on energy consumption between the years 1995 and 2004 using an applied, general equilibrium model for a historical simulation. During this period, Finnish energy ...
    • The Effects of European Integration on the Finnish Labour Market 

      Parviainen, Seija
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 2 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1991)
    • Efficiency and Productivity in Finnish Comprehensive Schooling 1998-2004 

      Moisio, Antti; Aaltonen, Juho; Kirjavainen, Tanja
      VATT-tutkimuksia : 127 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 20.12.2006)
      This study measures efficiency differences and productivity changes of Finnish municipalities providing comprehensive school education during 1998-2004 by estimating both production and cost functions. The average inefficiency ...
    • Encouragement and discouragement. Essays on taxation and government expenditure 

      Kosonen, Tuomas
      VATT Publications : 57 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 11.02.2011)
      This thesis consists of an introduction to a topic of optimal use of taxes and government expenditure and three chapters analyzing these themes more in depth. Chapter 2 analyses to what extent a given amount of subsidies ...