Uusimmat viitteet

  • Essays on public economics 

    Paukkeri, Tuuli
    VATT Publications : 72 (VATT Institute for Economic Research and Aalto University, 04.06.2018)
    This doctoral thesis is a collection of four essays in public economics that look at various public policies and their impacts on low-income and otherwise vulnerable individuals. The essays share the general aim of studying ...
  • The expected economic impacts of the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement in Finland 

    Tamminen, Saara; Niemi, Janne; Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina
    VATT Research Reports : 187 (VATT Institute for Economic Research, 05.12.2017)
    The CETA agreement aims to remove especially various non-tariff measures (NTMs) on trade and investment stemming from regulatory practices, in addition to the nearly full elimination of tariffs between the EU and Canada. ...
  • Labor Market Integration of Refugees in Finland 

    Sarvimäki, Matti
    VATT Research Reports : 185 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATTVATT Institute for Economic Research, 21.02.2017)
    This paper documents Finland’s policy response to the increase in asylum applications in 2015 and the labor market performance of earlier immigrants living in Finland. Immigrants born in Afghanistan, Iraq and Somalia had ...
  • Unemployment Insurance in Finland: A Review of Recent Changes and Empirical Evidence on Behavioral Responses 

    Kyyrä, Tomi; Pesola, Hanna; Rissanen, Aarne
    VATT Research Reports : 184 (VATT Institute for Economic Research, 20.02.2017)
    The goal of this report is twofold. The first is to provide an overview of the Finnish unemployment insurance (UI) system. We describe all major changes in eligibility criteria, benefit levels and benefit durations since ...
  • Essays on work and fertility 

    Kellokumpu, Jenni
    VATT Publications : 69 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 04.02.2015)
    This dissertation consists of four empirical essays all related to children and parents' labor supply, earnings and income in Finland. In the essays the problem of unobserved heterogeneity has been attacked in various ways. ...
  • Essays on behavioral responses to income taxes 

    Matikka, Tuomas
    VATT Publications : 68 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 03.12.2014)
    This dissertation consists of an introductory chapter and four empirical essays on behavioral responses to income tax incentives. The introductory chapter presents the conceptual background of the welfare analysis of income ...
  • Public finance sustainability gap and raising the retirement age, abstract and full summary 

    Oksanen, Heikki
    VATT Research Reports : 177 (VATT Institute for Economic Research, 27.10.2014)
    The purpose of this study is to investigate a pension reform in which the old-age pension entry age will be increased significantly: first by five years over the next ten years, and will then be linked to the projected ...
  • Essays on auction mechanisms and information in regulating pollution 

    Ollikka, Kimmo
    VATT Publications : 66 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 15.04.2014)
    Environmental regulation often has to be designed using asymmetric and incomplete information. Polluting firms, for instance, are normally privately better informed than the regulator with regard to the costs of reducing ...
  • Industrial organization studies on pharmaceutical markets 

    Saxell, Tanja
    VATT Publications : 65 (VATT Institute for Economic Research, 02.01.2014)
    This thesis consists of three essays on the industrial organization of pharmaceutical markets. In Chapter 1, I introduce the three essays and present the main results. In Chapter 2, I measure how uncertainty and learning ...
  • Essays on taxation – Evidence from tax reforms 

    Harju, Jarkko
    VATT Publications : 64 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 27.11.2013)
    This dissertation consists an introductory chapter and four empirical essays on the taxation of firms and individuals. The first essay concentrates on how the Finnish tax reform of 2005 affected voluntary pension plan ...
  • The VATTAGE Regional Model VERM - A Dynamic, Regional, Applied General Equilibrium Model of the Finn 

    Honkatukia, Juha
    VATT Research Reports : 171 (VATT Institute for Economic Research, 08.05.2013)
    Applied general equilibrium models have become a standard tool for the analysis of structural policies in many countries and international research organisations. Their use has been prompted by both developments in economics, ...
  • Putting a Price on Carbon – Econometric Essays on the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme and its Impacts 

    Remes, Piia
    VATT Publications : 62 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 20.03.2013)
    This dissertation examines the main instrument of the European Union climate policy, the emissions trading scheme (EU ETS) during its first years. Emission trading provides a cost-efficient way to reduce emissions. It ...
  • Rethinking local government: Essays on municipal reform 

    Moisio, Antti
    VATT Publications : 61 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.10.2012)
    Good local governance is essential for an efficient and financially robust public sector as well as high quality public services. During the last decade or so, many countries have aimed at better local governance by reforming ...
  • The Effectiveness of Differentiation of the Finnish Car Purchase Tax according to Carbon Dioxide Emission Performance 

    Perrels, Adriaan; Tuovinen, Tarja
    VATT Research Reports : 168 (VATT Institute for Economic Research, 06.03.2012)
    The study concerns an assessment of the effectiveness of car purchase tax differentiation according to the CO2-emission performance of newly sold cars as implemented in Finland. This policy instrument came into force as ...
  • Essays on labour demand and wage formation 

    Korkeamäki, Ossi
    VATT Publications : 60 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.02.2012)
    The first essay in this thesis is on gender wage differentials among manufacturing sector white-collar workers. The wage differential is decomposed into firm, job (within-firm) and individual-level components. Job-level ...
  • Three takes on sustainability 

    Honkatukia, Juha
    VATT Publications : 58 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 06.10.2011)
    Ageing of the population causes a two-fold problem for the sustainability of public finances. It tends to increase public expenditure on age-related services and the demand for labor in the sectors providing these services ...
  • Encouragement and discouragement. Essays on taxation and government expenditure 

    Kosonen, Tuomas
    VATT Publications : 57 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 11.02.2011)
    This thesis consists of an introduction to a topic of optimal use of taxes and government expenditure and three chapters analyzing these themes more in depth. Chapter 2 analyses to what extent a given amount of subsidies ...
  • The effects of energy taxes on energy consumption in Finland between 1995 and 2004 - An historical analysis using the VATTAGE-model 

    Honkatukia, Juha; Marttila, Kimmo
    VATT Research Reports : 162 (VATT Institute for Economic Research, 31.01.2011)
    This study evaluates the effects of changes in energy taxes on energy consumption between the years 1995 and 2004 using an applied, general equilibrium model for a historical simulation. During this period, Finnish energy ...
  • Local public sector in transition: A Nordic perspective 

    Moisio, Antti
    VATT Publications : 56 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 11.11.2010)
    This book consists of six original essays of which four discuss and analyse the situation of the local governments in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway. In addition, two essays provide a more general view of fiscal ...
  • Trends in top income shares in Finland 1966-2007 

    Sullström, Risto; Riihelä, Marja; Tuomala, Matti
    VATT Research Reports : 157 (VATT Institute for Economic Research, 08.09.2010)
    This paper provides new evidence about the evolution of top incomes in Finland over the period 1966–2007. Using micro data we construct estimates of shares of top income groups. The paper shows how the proportion of income ...

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