• 5th Helsinki Workshop on Standardization and Networks, 13-14 August, 2000 

      Coenen, Heide; Holler, Manfred J.; Niskanen, Esko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 243 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2000)
      The fast development in communications and information based industries as well as in other network related industries gives rise to new constellations in competition and innovation. These are strongly dependent on strategic ...
    • Access Pricing and Competition in Telecommunications 

      Kotakorpi, Kaisa
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 283 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.11.2002)
      This study reviews the key economic features of the telecommunications industry and outlines two benchmark models that have been developed in previous literature for introducing competition into local telecommunications. ...
    • Access to Computer, Internet and Mobile Phone at Home in Finland, Ireland, Netherlands and Sweden 

      Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 324 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 06.02.2004)
      The purpose of this study is to analyse statistically factors that affect individual access to and household ownership of new technology. This paper reviews the literature on the diffusion of new innovations, the use of ...
    • Adjustment to Regional Labour Market Shocks 

      Kangasharju, Aki; Pekkala, Sari
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 274 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 22.05.2002)
      This paper analyses regional labour market adjustment in the Finnish provinces during 1976-2000. It investigates the inter-relations of employment, unemployment, labour force participation and migration to see how a change ...
    • Airline Deregulation: The American Experience and Prospects for Europe 

      Brueckner, Jan K.; Goebel, Anton; Niskanen, Esko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 149 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1997)
      This paper provides an exhaustive discussion of the impact of airline deregulation in the U.S., followed by a discussion of the likely effects of deregulation in the EU. The paper argues that the benefits of U.S. deregulation, ...
    • Alcohol Policy Harmonization and Trade Liberalization in the Nordic Countries 

      Holm, Pasi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 81 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
    • Anticipating Tax Changes: Evidence from the Finnish Corporate Income Tax Reform of 2005 

      Kari, Seppo; Karikallio, Hanna; Pirttilä, Jukka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 447 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.07.2008)
      Using register-based panel data covering all Finnish firms in 1999–2004, we examine how corporations anticipated the 2005 dividend tax increase via changes in their dividend and investment policies. The Finnish capital and ...
    • Anticipating Tax Changes: Evidence from the Finnish Corporate Income Tax Reform of 2005 (Updated version VATT Discussion papers 447) 

      Kari, Seppo; Karikallio, Hanna; Pirttilä, Jukka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 426 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 15.10.2007)
      Using register-based panel data covering all Finnish firms in 1999–2004, we examine how corporations anticipated the 2005 dividend tax increase via changes in their dividend and investment policies. The Finnish capital and ...
    • Are Government Expenditures Productive? Measuring the Effect on Private Sector Production 

      Kiander, Jaakko; Hjerppe, Reino; Virén, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 381 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 03.03.2006)
      This paper analyses the productivity of public expenditures. It follows the branch of literature originated by Aschauer but has also some novel features. First of all, it focuses on the effect of both public investment and ...
    • Aspects of Globalization 

      Jones, Ronald W.
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 379 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 03.01.2006)
      The author deals with the costs and benefits of globalisation. He also gives a simple explanation of the core economic forces behind the globalisation. The current technical development favours the decline of the fixed ...
    • Assessing the Double Dividend Hypothesis in General Equilibrium Framework - Is there a Chance After All? 

      Sinko, Pekka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 122 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1996)
      The paper presents small scale CGE models designed to analyze the double dividend problem i.e. the simultaneous improvement of efficiency and environment through a revenue neutral tax reform. We show that in a one factor ...
    • Assessing the Effectiveness of Marginal Cost Pricing in Transport - the Helsinki Case 

      Moilanen, Paavo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 223 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 05.07.2000)
      A geographic MEPLAN model based on the principles of economic behaviour was applied to study the marginal cost pricing approach for optimising the use of the transport system in the Helsinki region. As the model can estimate ...
    • Assimilation to a Welfare State: Labor Market Performance and Use of Social Benefits by Immigrants to Finland 

      Sarvimäki, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 454 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.10.2008)
      Abstract: I study the assimilation of immigrants to the Finnish labor market and welfare system. The initial immigrant-native earnings gaps are large. While longterm immigrants experience a rapid earnings growth, only men ...
    • Bank Mergers, Interest Rates and the Fragility of Loan Markets 

      Koskela, Erkki; Stenbacka, Rune
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 113 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1996)
      We model the interaction between the concentration of the banking sector and the investment strategies of imperfectly competitive firms in the product market to address the question of whether competition makes loan markets ...
    • Belgium as a small open economy in the core of Europe 

      Abraham, Filip
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 109 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1995)
      Small open economies in Europe share many of the same characteristics, policy choices and economic problems. This paper argues that Belgium is profoundly affected by its position as a small open economy in the core of the ...
    • Bequests and Cost-Benefit Analysis 

      Niskanen, Esko; Glazer, Amihai; Kanniainen, Vesa
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 117 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1996)
      Consider a public project which produces a consumption good and which benefits future generations. Let a conventional cost-benefit analysis find that it gives higher benelits than projects it would displace in the private ...
    • Business Cycle, unemployment Trap and Effects of Economic Incentives on Job Finding Probability 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Holm, Pasi; Rantala, Juha
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 175 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1998)
      This paper considers the sensitivity of the household's disposable income with respect to the labour market states and the labour market transitions of unemployed workers. The paper analyses the following questions: (i) ...
    • Business Subsidies and Employment of Firms: Overall Evaluation and Regional Extension 

      Venetoklis, Takis; Kangasharju, Aki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 268 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 11.03.2002)
      This paper investigates the effects of business subsidies on the employment of firms in Finland, and explores possible regional differences in the effects. Employment of some 26,000 firms is followed annually between ...
    • The changing role of international investment in the mining sector - the case of Bolivia 

      Oroza, Gonzalo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 3 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 01.01.1991)
    • Classical Corporation Tax as a Global Means of Tax Harmonization 

      Kari, Seppo; Ylä-Liedenpohja, Jouko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 266 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 19.02.2002)
      Classical corporation tax entails double taxation of corporate income. The alternative practice of imputing corporation tax to the domestic recipients of dividends is shown, in the case of a company with international ...