• What are the benefits of the Water Framework Directive? Lessons learned for policy design from preference revelation 

      Huhtala, Anni; Artell, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 66 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 21.10.2015)
      The Water Framework Directive (WFD) seeks to achieve good ecological status of surface waters across the European Union by 2027. The WFD guidelines explicitly recognize the economics of water management by providing ...
    • What was actually cut in the barbers' VAT cut? 

      Kosonen, Tuomas
      VATT Working Papers : 18 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 23.11.2010)
      The tax incidence of consumption taxes across various sectors of the economy is a key aspect when designing a tax structure. However, there are very few empirical findings on this subject. This paper studies the tax incidence ...
    • When does money stick in education? Evidence from a kinked grant rule 

      Saastamoinen, Antti; Kortelainen, Mika
      VATT Working Papers : 102 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 22.01.2018)
      We study the effects of intergovernmental grants on school spending within the Finnish system of high school education funding. The system allocates lump-sum intergovernmental grants to local education organizers using a ...
    • Who Benefits from Public Housing? 

      Eerola, Essi; Saarimaa, Tuukka
      VATT Working Papers : 68 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 17.12.2015)
      This paper studies how much public housing generates rent savings for the tenants, how these savings are distributed among the tenants, and whether the tenants reside in better quality neighborhoods than similar low-income ...
    • Worker-level consequences of import shocks 

      Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina; Huttunen, Kristiina
      VATT Working Papers : 74 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 16.05.2016)
      We analyse the effects of imports on employment and earnings by distinguishing between import competition in final products and firms' use of imports in production (offshoring). We use Finnish worker-firm data merged with ...