• The labour market impacts of a youth guarantee: lessons for Europe? 

      Tuomala, Juha; Hämäläinen, Kari; Hämäläinen, Ulla
      VATT Working Papers : 60 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 18.12.2014)
      This paper examines the youth guarantee programme introduced in Finland 2005. The reform consisted of early intervention, monitoring and individualized job search plans that guarantee activation measures for unemployed ...
    • Local Representation and Strategic Voting: Evidence from Electoral Boundary Reforms 

      Tukiainen, Janne; Saarimaa, Tuukka
      VATT Working Papers : 64 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 11.09.2015)
      We analyze whether voters value local political representation by exploiting municipal mergers, which increase the number of candidates available to voters and intensify political competition. In the Finnish open-list ...
    • Long-term effects of extended unemployment benefits for older workers 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Pesola, Hanna
      VATT Working Papers : 89 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 31.05.2017)
      This paper examines the long-term effects of extended unemployment benefits that older unemployed can collect until retirement in Finland. We consider a reform that increased the age threshold of this scheme from 55 to 57 ...
    • The Loss of Production Work: Identification of Demand Shifts Based on Local Soviet Trade Shocks 

      Einiö, Elias
      VATT Working Papers : 61 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 25.03.2015)
      This paper examines changes in the structure of labor demand in panel data on Finnish manufacturing plants. I exploit general equilibrium effects on unit labor costs in local labor markets induced by the 1990 collapse of ...
    • Lost Boys: Access to Secondary Education and Crime 

      Huttunen, Kristiina; Pekkarinen, Tuomas; Uusitalo, Roope; Virtanen, Hanna
      VATT Working Papers : 114 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 31.12.2018)
      We study the effect of post-compulsory education on crime by exploiting a regression discontinuity design generated by admission cut-offs to upper secondary schools in Finland. We combine data on school applications with ...
    • "Love Thy Neighbour"? The Effect of Income and Language Differences on Votes for Municipal Secessions 

      Lapointe, Simon
      VATT Working Papers : 107 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 16.04.2018)
      This paper studies voters' preferences on municipal borders in a setting with cohabiting linguistic communities. It takes advantage of unique data from referendum results in the Canadian province of Quebec in 2004, which ...
    • Matching inefficiencies, regional disparities and unemployment 

      Hynninen, Sanna-Mari; Kangasharju, Aki; Pehkonen, Jaakko
      VATT Working Papers : 4 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 28.05.2009)
      In this paper we apply a stochastic frontier approach to examine how matching efficiency and regional differences in structural factors contribute to regional and aggregate unemployment. Our results suggest that there would ...
    • Modelling state dependence and feedback effects between poverty, employment and parental home emancipation among European youth 

      Ayllón, Sara
      VATT Working Papers : 10 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 30.10.2009)
      Youth is one of the phases in the life-cycle when some of the most decisive life transitions take place. Entering the labour market or leaving parental home are events with important consequences for the economic well-being ...
    • More haircut after VAT cut? On the efficiency of service sector consumption taxes 

      Kosonen, Tuomas
      VATT Working Papers : 49 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 26.09.2013)
      Consumption tax rates targeted at specific sectors are often reformed without empirical knowledge about the efficiency of these policies. This paper sheds light on the efficiency issue, the potential for welfare improving ...
    • Multinational firms and job tasks 

      Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina; Heyman, Fredrik; Sjöholm, Fredrik
      VATT Working Papers : 8 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 22.07.2009)
      We analyze the impact of multinational and foreign ownership on the demand for job tasks and educational skills. By using Swedish matched employer-employee data, we find that both foreign and domestic multinational firms ...
    • Multinationals, Competition and Productivity Spillovers through Worker Mobility 

      Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina; Sembenelli, Alessandro
      VATT Working Papers : 54 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 13.01.2014)
      Spillovers can arise when multinational firms (MNEs) train local employees who later join domestic firms, bringing with them part of the technological, marketing and managerial knowledge they have acquired. Fosfuri et al. ...
    • Non-linear dividend tax and dynamics of the firm 

      Kari, Seppo; Laitila, Jussi
      VATT Working Papers : 41 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.12.2012)
      This paper analyses the implications of a non-linear dividend tax in a life-cycle model of the firm. In the model new firms first enter markets, then grow, financing from retained earnings and finally distribute their ...
    • A Note on the Effects of Income-Splitting under Dual Income Tax 

      Kari, Seppo; Ropponen, Olli
      VATT Working Papers : 81 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.10.2016)
      This paper reconsiders the income-splitting rules of the Nordic dual income tax system, introduced to address the incentives to shift income between labor and capital income tax bases. These rules impute a return on equity, ...
    • A Note on the Robustness of Card and Krueger (1994) and Neumark and Wascher (2000) 

      Ropponen, Olli
      VATT Working Papers : 25 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.06.2011)
      This note adds to the discussion originating from David Card and Alan B. Krueger (1994; CK) and David Neumark and William Wascher (2000; NW). It re-evaluates their results by using the semiparametric difference-in-differences ...
    • On the reliability of retrospective unemployment information in European household panel data 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Wilke, Ralf A.
      VATT Working Papers : 21 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.01.2011)
      The retrospectively recalled calendar of activities in the European Community Household Panel is a prime resource for cross country analysis of unemployment experience. We investigate the reliability of these data and find ...
    • On the role of public price information in housing markets 

      Lyytikäinen, Teemu; Eerola, Essi
      VATT Working Papers : 30 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 23.04.2012)
      This paper studies the impact of increased price information on the functioning of the housing market. We first study the implications of new information for market outcomes in a theoretical framework so as to disentangle ...
    • One or Two Tiers of Local Government? – The Cost Effects of a Regional Experiment 

      Moisio, Antti; Hämäläinen, Kari
      VATT Working Papers : 65 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 24.09.2015)
      This paper evaluates the cost effects of a Finnish regional self-government experiment. The experiment introduced a new intermediate tier of local administration that was given the responsibility to organize 60 per cent ...
    • Open or Closed? How List Type Affects Electoral Performance, Candidate Selection, and Campaign Effort 

      Hangartner, Dominik; Ruiz, Nelson A.; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 120 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 12.07.2019)
      What effect does using open (as opposed to closed) lists in proportional representation elections have on party performance and the quality of candidate selection? We provide novel evidence by studying local elections in ...
    • The optimal tax treatment of housing capital in the neoclassical growth model 

      Eerola, Essi; Määttänen, Niku
      VATT Working Papers : 3 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 30.03.2009)
      In a dynamic setting, housing capital is both an asset and a consumption good. But should it be taxed like other forms of consumption or like other forms of capital? We analyze this question by considering the taxation of ...
    • Political Representation and Effects of Municipal Mergers 

      Harjunen, Oskari; Saarimaa, Tuukka; Tukiainen, Janne
      VATT Working Papers : 98 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.10.2017)
      We study the effects of municipal mergers using novel geocoded data on public sector jobs, housing transactions and local politicians’ place of residence. We find that total municipal expenditures evolve in the same way ...