Uusimmat viitteet

  • Assessing the Productivity Consequences of Agri-Environmental Practices When Adoption Is Endogenous 

    Bostian, AJ A.; Bostian, Moriah B.; Laukkanen, Marita; Simola, Antti
    VATT Working Papers : 112 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 17.12.2018)
    We address the general problem of selection bias, endemic to analyzing the effects of any policy where adoption is voluntary, with empirical application to environmental policies for agriculture. Many voluntary practices ...
  • Short-run and long-run food import elasticities with persistent trading habits 

    Niemi, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 111 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 17.12.2018)
    This paper provides estimates and explores the role of own price import demand (Armington) elasticities between different source countries for five agricultural commodities in a framework that incorporates temporal dimension ...
  • Investment Incentives and Tax Competition under the Allowance for Growth and Investment (AGI) 

    Kari, Seppo; Laitila, Jussi; Ropponen, Olli
    VATT Working Papers : 110 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 24.10.2018)
    We employ a dynamic investment model to study the investment incentives of the Allowance for Growth and Investment (AGI) proposed by the European Commission in its two-step approach towards the Common Consolidated Corporate ...
  • Electoral Institutions and Intraparty Cohesion 

    Matakos, Konstantinos; Savolainen, Riikka; Troumpounis, Orestis; Tukiainen, Janne; Xefteris, Dimitrios
    VATT Working Papers : 109 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 12.07.2018)
    We study parties' optimal ideological cohesion across electoral rules, when the following trade-off is present: A more heterogenous set of candidates is electorally appealing (catch-all party), yet, it serves policy-related ...
  • Effectiveness of Private and Public High Schools: Evidence from Finland 

    Kortelainen, Mika; Manninen, Kalle
    VATT Working Papers : 108 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 16.05.2018)
    A number of papers have compared the effectiveness of private and public schools in different institutional settings. However, most of these studies are observational and do not utilize experimental or quasi-experimental ...
  • "Love Thy Neighbour"? The Effect of Income and Language Differences on Votes for Municipal Secessions 

    Lapointe, Simon
    VATT Working Papers : 107 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 16.04.2018)
    This paper studies voters' preferences on municipal borders in a setting with cohabiting linguistic communities. It takes advantage of unique data from referendum results in the Canadian province of Quebec in 2004, which ...
  • Effects of Municipal Mergers on Voter Turnout 

    Lapointe, Simon; Saarimaa, Tuukka; Tukiainen, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 106 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 28.03.2018)
    We study the effects of municipal mergers on voter turnout in a difference-in-differences framework, using data from a wave of municipal mergers in Finland in 2009. Analysing two pre-merger elections and three post-merger ...
  • Using a Kinked Policy Rule to Estimate the Effect of Experience Rating on Disability Inflow 

    Kyyrä, Tomi; Paukkeri, Tuuli
    VATT Working Papers : 105 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 23.03.2018)
    We study whether the experience rating of employers’ disability insurance premiums affects the inflow to disability benefits in Finland. To identify the causal effect of experience rating, we exploit “kinks” in the rule ...
  • The Effect of Relative School Starting Age on Having an Individualized Curriculum in Finland 

    Kivinen, Aapo
    VATT Working Papers : 104 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 08.02.2018)
    In Finland, a child in special education receives an individualized curriculum when standard support does not suffice. One factor that may have an impact on the assignment of an individualized curriculum is the relative ...
  • Victorian Voting: Party Orientation and Class Alignment Revisited 

    Dewan, Torun; Meriläinen, Jaakko; Tukiainen, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 103 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 29.01.2018)
    Much of what we know about the alignment of voters with parties comes from mass surveys of the electorate in the postwar period or from aggregate electoral data. Using individual elector level panel data from the 19th ...
  • When does money stick in education? Evidence from a kinked grant rule 

    Saastamoinen, Antti; Kortelainen, Mika
    VATT Working Papers : 102 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 22.01.2018)
    We study the effects of intergovernmental grants on school spending within the Finnish system of high school education funding. The system allocates lump-sum intergovernmental grants to local education organizers using a ...
  • Screening through Activation? Differential Effects of a Youth Activation Programme 

    Hall, Caroline; Kotakorpi, Kaisa; Liljeberg, Linus; Pirttilä, Jukka
    VATT Working Papers : 101 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 19.12.2017)
    We study the dual role of active labour market policies: First, ALMP may perform a screening role by increasing the incentives for job search especially among individuals with good labour market prospects, already prior ...
  • The intergenerational effects of parental higher education: Evidence from changes in university accessibility 

    Suhonen, Tuomo; Karhunen, Hannu
    VATT Working Papers : 100 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 08.12.2017)
    We examine the causal effect of parental higher education on their offspring’s education, using quasi-experimental variation from the significant regional convergence in parents’ access to university occurring in Finland ...
  • Economic crises and unemployment persistence: Analysis of job losses during the Finnish 1990s recession 

    Verho, Jouko
    VATT Working Papers : 99 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 20.11.2017)
    This study estimates the effect of job loss for Finnish workers displaced during a severe recession in the early 1990s. The setting provides a sample of workers of which over 90% experienced unemployment after losing a job ...
  • Political Representation and Effects of Municipal Mergers 

    Harjunen, Oskari; Saarimaa, Tuukka; Tukiainen, Janne
    VATT Working Papers : 98 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.10.2017)
    We study the effects of municipal mergers using novel geocoded data on public sector jobs, housing transactions and local politicians’ place of residence. We find that total municipal expenditures evolve in the same way ...
  • The timing of puberty and gender differences in educational achievement 

    Koerselman, Kristian; Pekkarinen, Tuomas
    VATT Working Papers : 97 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 11.10.2017)
    In this paper, we study the effect of the timing of puberty on educational achievement and examine to what extent the gender differences in the timing of puberty can explain gender differences in achievement. We use British ...
  • The Short- and Long-Term Effects of Graduating During a Recession: Evidence from Finland 

    Päällysaho, Miika Matias
    VATT Working Papers : 96 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 05.10.2017)
    This paper uses matched employer-employee panel data on university graduates who obtained a Master’s degree in 1988–2004 to study how facing adverse economic conditions upon graduation affects short- and long-term labor ...
  • Electricity Prices and Consumers' Long-Term Technology Choices: Evidence from Heating Investments 

    Sahari, Anna
    VATT Working Papers : 95 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 27.09.2017)
    This paper studies consumers' sensitivity to energy costs at the moment of making a long-term energy technology investment. The analysis exploits within-region variation in local, regulated electricity distribution prices ...
  • Gender Specific Relative Age Effects in Politics and Football 

    Tukiainen, Janne; Takalo, Tuomas; Hulkkonen, Topi
    VATT Working Papers : 94 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 05.09.2017)
    The existence of a relative age effect (RAE) is well documented, i.e., those born early in the calendar year perform better at school and sports. We exploit a change in a selection period in youth football and regression ...
  • The effects of tax-deductible reserves on investment incentives 

    Kari, Seppo
    VATT Working Papers : 93 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus, 18.08.2017)
    This paper investigates how tax-deductible reserves affect the incentive to invest. We consider two different variants: a periodization reserve (PER), which allows the firm to defer tax payments for a certain number of ...

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