Sustainability challenges for solar energy in Turkey
Yazici, Ceren (2017)
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In this thesis, sustainability challenges for energy sector in Turkey is discussed. The aim is to answer the question, “What is the role of solar energy for achieving sustainable energy sector in Turkey?”. Before identifying the drivers, obstacles and instruments, basic background for popular solar energy technologies were provided. Following, current situation of Turkish energy sector is embraced and the current place of solar energy in Turkish energy sector is examined. The drivers for sustainable energy sector is defined and the role of solar energy is examined for a pathway to sustainability. The defined drivers are classified under environmental, economic and social aspects. The environmental drivers are global warming and climate change, greenhouse gas emissions from energy sector, environmental pollution and energy efficiency in power plants. The economic drivers are fossil fuel scarcity and dependency, security of energy supply, energy efficiency in power plants and fluctuating prices of fossil fuels. Social drivers are population growth and urban population, health problems caused by pollution, unemployment rate, work accidents in energy sector, fluctuating prices of fossil fuels and security of energy supply. Following, the obstacles for solar energy in Turkish energy sector are examined. The examined obstacles are again classified environmentally, economically and socially. The environmental obstacles for solar energy in Turkey are GHG emissions from and harmful materials used in production processes of solar system components, and disturbance of natural habitat. The economic obstacles are transition of current energy system, profitability of investments and willingness of investors, current energy targets and subsidies, technical requirements for solar energy and cyber safety. The social obstacles are geopolitical risks, land use, cyber safety and disturbance of natural habitats. While observing the drivers and obstacles, possible instruments for energy system transition to a more sustainable version are determined.
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