Explaining the Shifts of International Trade in Pulp and Paper Industry
Hujala, Maija; Arminen, Heli; Hill, R. Carter; Puumalainen, Kaisu (2013)
Hill, R. Carter
Society of American Foresters
Hujala, M., Arminen, H., Hill, R.C., Puumalainen, K. (2013). Explaining the Shifts of International Trade in Pulp and Paper Industry. Forest Science, Vol 59, Issue 2. p. 211-222. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5849/forsci.11-078
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The pulp and paper industry is currently facing broad structural changes due to global shifts in demand and supply. These changes have significant impacts on national economies worldwide. In this paper, we describe the recent trends in the pulp and recovered paper (RP) production, and estimate augmented gravity models of bilateral trade for chemical pulp and RP exports with panel data. According to our results, there is some variation in the effects of the traditional gravity-model variables between pulp grades and RP. The results imply also that, in comparison to export supply, import demand plays a larger role in determining the volume of exports. Finally, it is evident that Asia, particularly China, is the most important driver of chemical pulp and RP trade: China is hungry for fiber, and must import to satisfy its growing needs. Moreover, the speed of China’s growth in chemical pulp and RP imports has been driving the increased significance of planted forests in the exports of hardwood pulp (BHKP) as well.
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