Numerical simulation of rotor-stator interaction and tip clearance flow in centrifugal compressors
Ameli, Alireza (2015)
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The effect of the tip clearance and vaneless diffuser width on the stage performance and flow fields of a centrifugal compressor were studied numerically and results were compared to the experimental measurements. The diffuser width was changed by moving the shroud side of the diffuser axially and six tip clearances size from 0.5 to 3 mm were studied. Moreover, the effects of rotor-stator interaction on the diffuser and impeller flow fields and performance were studied. Also transient simulations were carried out in order to investigate the influence of the interaction on the impeller and diffuser performance parameters. It was seen that pinch could improve the performance and it help to get more uniform flow at exit and less back flow from diffuser to the impeller.
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